PMBOK® Guide, 4th Edition
2.4.2 Organizational Structure
Chapter 9 Human Resource Management
During the past thirty years there has been a so-called hidden revolution in the introduction and development of new organizational structures. Management has come to realize that organizations must be dynamic in nature; that is, they must be capable of rapid restructuring should environmental conditions so dictate. These environmental factors evolved from the increasing competitiveness of the market, changes in technology, and a requirement for better control of resources for multiproduct firms. More than forty years ago, Wallace identified four major factors that caused the onset of the organizational revolution1:
Much has been written about how to identify and interpret those signs that indicate that a new organizational form may be necessary. According to ...