Getting familiar with the concept of depth of field is one of the biggest steps you can take to becoming a more artful photographer. I introduce you to depth of field in Chapters 3 and 7, but here's a quick recap:
Which arrangement works best depends on your creative vision. In portraits, for example, a classic technique is to use a short depth of field, as I did for the photo in Figure 8-16. This approach draws the eye to the subject — because whatever is sharpest is the first thing viewers notice — while diminishing the background. For the photo shown in Figure 8-17, though, I wanted to emphasize that the foreground figures were in St. Peter's Square at the Vatican, so I used a large depth of field, keeping the background buildings sharply focused and giving them equal weight in the scene.