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Core Concepts

Now that we’ve just run Maven for the first time, this is a good point to introduce a few of the core concepts of Maven. In Example 3-1, you generated a project that consisted of a POM and some code assembled in the Maven Standard Directory Layout. You then executed Maven with a lifecycle phase as an argument that prompted Maven to execute a series of Maven plugin goals. Lastly, you installed a Maven artifact into your local repository. Wait—what is a “lifecycle”? What is a “local repository”? The following section defines some of Maven’s central concepts.

Maven Plugins and Goals

In the previous section, we ran Maven with two different types of command-line arguments. The first command was a single plugin goal, the create goal of the Archetype plugin. The second execution of Maven was a lifecycle phase, install. To execute a single Maven plugin goal, we used the syntax mvn archetype:create, where archetype is the identifier of a plugin and create is the identifier of a goal. When Maven executes a plugin goal, it prints out the plugin identifier and goal identifier to standard output:

$ mvn archetype:create -DgroupId=org.sonatype.mavenbook.ch03 \
                                        -DartifactId=simple \
                                        -DpackageName=org.sonatype.mavenbook
...
[INFO] [archetype:create]
[INFO] artifact org.apache.maven.archetypes:maven-archetype-quickstart: \
       checking for updates from central
...

A Maven plugin is a collection of one or more goals (see Figure 3-1). Examples of Maven plugins can be simple core plugins such ...

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