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Learning the bash Shell, 3rd Edition by Cameron Newham

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Appendix B. Reference Lists

Invocation

Table B-1 and Table B-2 list the options you can use when invoking current versions of bash and the older 1.x version, respectively.[1] The multicharacter options must appear on the command line before the single-character options. In addition to these, any set option can be used on the command line; see Table B-7. Login shells are usually invoked with the options -i (interactive), -s (read from standard input), and -m (enable job control).

Table B-1. Command-line options

Option

Meaning

-c string

Commands are read from string, if present. Any arguments after string are interpreted as positional parameters, starting with $0.

-D

A list of all double-quoted strings preceded by $ is printed on the standard ouput. These are the strings that are subject to language translation when the current locale is not C or POSIX. This also turns on the -n option.

-i

Interactive shell. Ignores signals TERM, INT, and QUIT. With job control in effect, TTIN, TTOU, and TSTP are also ignored.

-l

Makes bash act as if invoked as a login shell.

-o option

Takes the same arguments as set -o.

-O, +O shopt-option

shopt-option is one of the shell options accepted by the shopt builtin. If shopt-option is present, -O sets the value of that option; +O unsets it. If shopt-option is not supplied, the names and values of the shell options accepted by shopt are printed on the standard output. If the invocation option is +O, the output is displayed in ...

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