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HTTP: The Definitive Guide

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Appendix A. URI Schemes

Many URI schemes have been defined, but few are in common use. Generally speaking, those URI schemes with associated RFCs are in more common use, though there are a few schemes that have been developed by leading software corporations (notably Netscape and Microsoft), but not formalized, that also are in wide use.

The W3C maintains a list of URI schemes, which you can view at:

http://www.w3.org/Addressing/schemes.html

The IANA also maintains a list of URL schemes, at:

http://www.iana.org/assignments/uri-schemes

Table A-1 informally describes some of the schemes that have been proposed and those that are in active use. Note that many of the approximately 90 schemes in the table are not widely used, and many are extinct.

Table A-1. URI schemes from the W3C registry

Scheme

Description

RFCs

about

Netscape scheme to explore aspects of the browser. For example: about by itself is the same as choosing "About Communicator" from the Navigator Help menu, about:cache displays disk-cache statistics, and about:plugins displays information about configured plug-ins. Other browsers, such as Microsoft Internet Explorer, also use this scheme.

acap

Application Configuration Access Protocol.

2244

afp

For file-sharing services using the Apple Filing Protocol (AFP) protocol, defined as part of the expired IETF draft-ietf-svrloc-afp-service-01.txt.

afs

Reserved for future use by the Andrew File System.

callto

Initiates a Microsoft NetMeeting conference session, ...

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