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HTML & CSS: The Good Parts

Cover of HTML & CSS: The Good Parts by Ben Henick Published by O'Reilly Media, Inc.
  1. HTML & CSS: The Good Parts
    1. SPECIAL OFFER: Upgrade this ebook with O’Reilly
    2. Preface
      1. The Who and What of This Book
      2. Objectives of This Book
      3. Conventions Used in This Book
      4. Using Code Examples
      5. Safari® Books Online
      6. How to Contact O’Reilly
      7. Acknowledgments
    3. 1. Hypertext at the Core
      1. The Web Without Links
      2. URIs
    4. 2. Working with HTML Markup
      1. HTML Syntax
      2. Rendering Modes, Flavors of HTML, and Document Type Declarations
      3. Beautiful Parts: Universal Attributes
      4. Separating Content, Structure, Presentation, and Behavior
      5. Browsers, Parsing, and Rendering
    5. 3. CSS Overview
      1. Connecting Stylesheets to HTML Documents
      2. Choosing the Elements You Want to Style: Writing Selectors
      3. Rule Conflicts, Priority, and Precedence
      4. CSS Property and Value Survey
      5. CSS Units
      6. Key CSS Layout Properties
    6. 4. Developing a Healthy Relationship with Standards
      1. The Broad Landscape of Web-Related Standards
      2. Why Web Standards?
      3. Taking the Middle Road: Standards-Friendliness
    7. 5. Effective Style and Structure
      1. The Four Habits of Effective Stylists
      2. CSS Zen and the Stylist’s Experience
      3. Information Architecture and Web Usability
    8. 6. Solving the Puzzle of CSS Layout
      1. The CSS Box Model and Element Size Control
      2. Quirks Mode and Strict Mode
      3. auto Values
      4. Margins, Borders, and Padding
      5. Element Flow
      6. Using the display Property to Change an Element’s Flow
      7. The float and clear Properties
      8. Implementing Multicolumn Layouts
      9. CSS Positioning Properties
      10. The visibility and z-index Properties
      11. Obtaining Precise Navigation Source Order and Layout
      12. Layout Types and Canvas Grids
    9. 7. Working with Lists
      1. Ordered and Unordered Lists
      2. Other Uses for Lists
      3. Styling Navigation Elements
      4. Definition Lists
    10. 8. Headings, Hyperlinks, Inline Elements, and Quotations
      1. Headings and Good Writing
      2. Styling Heading Elements
      3. Link Markup
      4. Styling Links
      5. Adding Semantic Value with Inline Elements
      6. Quotations
    11. 9. Colors and Backgrounds
      1. Color Theory and Web Color Practice
      2. CSS Backgrounds
      3. Composing Background Images
      4. Bitmapped Copy and Fahrner Image Replacement
      5. Reducing Server Load with Sprites
    12. 10. (Data) Tables
      1. The Disadvantages of Layout Tables
      2. The Parts of a Data Table
      3. Composing Cells
      4. Table Headers, Footers, and Heading Cells
    13. 11. Images and Multimedia
      1. Replaced Elements
      2. Preparing Images for Production
      3. Image Production
      4. Working with Color Profiles
      5. Image Optimization
      6. Publishing Images
      7. Styling Images and Plug-in Content
      8. Adding Motion and Sound: Using SWFObject to Insert Flash Videos and Presentations
      9. Inserting Unwrapped Multimedia
    14. 12. Web Typography
      1. A Brief History of Letterforms
      2. A Visual Glossary of Typography
      3. Aliasing and Anti-Aliasing
      4. Type Styles, Readability, and Legibility
      5. Sizing Type
      6. Working with Typefaces and Fonts
      7. Character Encoding in Brief
      8. Creating Balanced Type Treatments
      9. Typographical Miscellany in CSS
      10. The Practice of Good Web Typography
    15. 13. Clean and Accessible Forms
      1. Building Effective Forms
      2. Assessment and Structure
      3. Basic Form Structure, Presentation, and Behavior
      4. Prototyping and Layout
      5. Required Fields and Other Submission Constraints
      6. Creating Accessible Forms
      7. Form Features in HTML5
    16. 14. The Bad Parts
      1. The Numbing Nature of Internet Explorer (Especially IE 6)
      2. Systemic Ugliness
      3. HTML’s Bad Neighborhoods and Cul-de-Sacs
      4. CSS Travesties
      5. The Awful Parts
      6. Picking Up the Pieces
    17. A. URIs, Client-Server Architecture, and HTTP
      1. The Underlying Client-Server Architecture
      2. What Every Web Developer Should Know About HTTP
      3. MIME Types, in Brief
      4. Controlling Request Volume
    18. Glossary
    19. Index
    20. About the Author
    21. Colophon
    22. SPECIAL OFFER: Upgrade this ebook with O’Reilly

A Visual Glossary of Typography

Figure 12-1 shows a heap of terms that describe the parts and varieties of type, exploring the physiognomy of individual letters.

Typography jargon for letterforms

Figure 12-1. Typography jargon for letterforms

There are many more terms site stylists should be aware of:


A style of type inspired by German calligraphy of the late Middle Ages, and strongly identified with Germany to the present day. Sometimes called “Gothic,” but this is an anachronism (see the entry for Gothic).


A style of sans-serif font distinguished from others in its typeface by its narrow and tightly spaced nature. Opposite of extended.


The generic term for a writer’s work product. Different from “text” since the latter refers only to nonnumeric data in the most general sense; all copy is text, but not all text is copy.


A glyph added to a letter to indicate altered inflection or pronunciation. Commonly encountered examples include the acute accent (´), umlaut (¨), and cedilla (¸).


A collection (usually comprising a well-populated font) of characters that are simple drawings (e.g., musical notes, circuitry symbols) rather than members of a standardized orthography.


The complement to condensed fonts. Letters are wider than in the normal fonts, and letterspacing is usually more generous. Also referred to as “wide” and/or “extra wide.”


The atomic unit of a font, a single mark ...

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