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Baseball Hacks by Joseph Adler

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Appendix B. Abbreviations

The essence of baseball statistics is that they are countable: they’re just counts of things that happen in games. Here are the common abbreviations for baseball statistics. These abbreviations are flashed on scoreboards, printed in newspapers, and used to name fields in databases. Even if you’re familiar with baseball, it’s worth taking a minute to refresh your memory about the common abbreviations used in this sport.

Table B-1 shows batting statistics.

Table B-1. Batting statistics

Abbreviation

Statistic

AB

Official at bat; ends in a hit, out, or error

H

Hit

BB

Base on balls, or walk

D, 2B, X2B

Double (two-base hit)

T, 3B, X3B

Triple (three-base hit)

HR

Home run

1B, X1B

Single (one-base hit)

IBB

Intentional base on balls (intentional walk)

PA

Plate appearance

SF

Sacrifice flies

SH

Sacrifice hits

SAC

Sacrifice bunts

HP, HBP

Hit by pitch

TB

Total bases

AVG

Batting average: H/AB

OBP

On-base percentage: (H + BB + HBP) / (AB + SF + BB + HBP)

Next, let’s look at pitching statistics in Table B-2.

Table B-2. Pitching statistics

Abbreviation

Statistic

BFP

Batters faced by pitcher

R

Runs allowed

H

Hits allowed

HR

Home runs allowed

ER

Earned runs allowed

BB

Base on balls allowed

IBB

Intentional base on balls allowed

OBA

Opponent batting average

W

Wins

L

Losses

G

Games played

GS

Games started

CG

Complete games

SHO

Shutouts

S, SV

Saves

IP

Innings pitched

WP

Wild pitches

BK

Balks

GF

Games finished ...

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