Introduction to Modularity with the Java 9 Platform Module System (JPMS)
An overview of Java’s most important new software-engineering technology since its inception 20+ years ago
In this full-day Java 9: Modularity Live Online Training, Paul Deitel introduces the Java Platform Module System (JPMS)—Java 9’s most important new software-engineering technology. Modularity—the result of Project Jigsaw—helps developers at all levels be more productive as they build, maintain and evolve software systems, especially large systems.
Modularity adds a higher level of aggregation above packages. The key new language element is the module—a uniquely named, reusable group of related packages, resources (like images and XML files) and a module descriptor specifying:
- the module’s name
- the module’s dependencies (that is, other modules this module depends on)
- the packages it explicitly makes available to other modules (all other packages in the module are implicitly unavailable to other modules)
- the services it offers
- the services it consumes, and
- to what other modules it allows reflection.
According to JSR 376: Java Platform Module System, the key goals of modularizing the Java SE Platform include: reliable configuration, strong encapsulation, scalable Java Platform, greater platform integrity, and improved performance.
What you'll learn-and how you can apply it
In this live online training, you will:
- Understand the motivation for modularity.
- Review key JPMS requirements.
- Modularize pre-Java-9 code, then execute the modularized version.
- Create module declarations that specify module dependencies with requires, and the packages a module makes available to other modules with exports.
- Selectively allow runtime reflection of types with open and opens.
- Use services to loosely couple system components, making large-scale systems easier to develop and maintain.
- Indicate that a module explicitly uses a service or provides a service implementation with the uses and provides...with directives, respectively.
- Use the jdeps command to determine a module’s dependencies.
- Understand how unnamed and automatic modules enable you to continue using non-modularized pre-Java-9 code in Java 9.
- Use the NetBeans IDE to create module graphs that visualize the modular JDK as well as your own modular systems.
- See the module resolver in action as it determines runtime dependencies.
- Use jlink to create smaller runtimes appropriate for resource-constrained devices—for example Internet of Things (IoT) devices.
- And more.
This training course is for you because...
- You’re a Java developer interested in the upcoming Java 9.
- You need to migrate legacy code into modularized Java 9.
- You want to familiarize yourself with the Java Platform Module System’s capabilities and migration mechanisms.
- Practicing Java developers
- Programmers familiar with the Java concepts presented in Chapters 1-11 of Java® 9 for Programmers, or Lessons 1-11 of Java 8 Fundamentals LiveLessons (each of which is available on SafariBooksOnline.com)
SETUP REQUIRED PRIOR TO THE FIRST COURSE MEETING:
Before taking this course, if you want to do the demonstrations and participate in labs, you must install the latest JDK 9 Developer Preview, the course’s source-code examples and the NetBeans IDE with early access JDK 9 support. We use the NetBeans IDE’s modularity support and tools to create module graphs and to show a project’s modular structure. IDEs like IntelliJ and Eclipse also have some early access JDK 9 support and will likely provide more in the future.
- Download the latest JDK 9 for Windows, macOS or Linux: http://jdk.java.net/9/
- Download the source-code for this course: Will be provided to students
- Download the early access NetBeans IDE with Java 9 support (for Windows, macOS or Linux): http://wiki.netbeans.org/JDK9Support#Getting_Started (be sure to follow the instructions on this page)
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Setup/Install Video Tutorials
Installing JDK 9 Developer Preview on Windows
- YouTube https://youtu.be/9C9e8EOxok8
- MP4: http://deitel.com/bookresources/Java9FP/InstallingJava9OnWindows.mp4
- MOV: http://deitel.com/bookresources/Java9FP/InstallingJava9OnWindows.mov
Installing JDK 9 Developer Preview on macOS
- YouTube: https://youtu.be/6hOd5Dyr6Sw
- MP4: http://deitel.com/bookresources/Java9FP/InstallingJava9OnMacOS.mp4
- MOV: http://deitel.com/bookresources/Java9FP/InstallingJava9OnMacOS.mov
We also provide Getting Started videos discussing these downloads and the installation steps at http://www.deitel.com/books/Java9FP. These videos contain Paul Deitel’s contact information, please feel free to contact Paul before the course if you have any questions about the course content and/or setup.
About your instructor
Paul J. Deitel, Oracle® Java® Champion, CEO and Chief Technical Officer of Deitel & Associates, Inc., is an MIT graduate with 38 years of computing and corporate training experience. He is a best-selling programming-language textbook/professional book/video/e-learning author. Paul is one of the world’s most experienced Java trainers, having taught Java since 1996. He has delivered Java, JPMS (Java 9 Platform Module System), JShell (Java 9’s REPL), Android, iOS, C#, C++, C and Internet programming courses to industry clients internationally.
The timeframes are only estimates and may vary according to how the class is progressing
Segment 1 Introduction
Segment 2 Module Declarations
- 2.1 requires
- 2.2 requires transitive—Implied Readability
- 2.3 exports and exports…to
- 2.4 uses
- 2.5 provides…with
- 2.6 open, opens and opens…to
- 2.7 Restricted Keywords
Segment 3 Modularized Welcome App
- 3.1 Welcome App’s Structure
- 3.2 Class Welcome
- 3.3 module-info.java
- 3.4 Module-Dependency Graph
- 3.5 Compiling a Module
- 3.6 Running an App from a Module’s Exploded Folders
- 3.7 Packaging a Module into a Modular JAR File
- 3.8 Running the Welcome App from a Modular JAR File
- 3.9 Aside: Classpath vs. Module Path
Segment 4 Creating and Using a Custom Module
- 4.1 Exporting a Package for Use in Other Modules
- 4.2 Using a Class from a Package in Another Module
- 4.3 Compiling and Running the Example
- 4.4 Packaging the App into Modular JAR Files
- 4.5 Strong Encapsulation and Accessibility
Segment 5 Module-Dependency Graphs: A Deeper Look
- 5.1 java.sql
- 5.2 java.se
- 5.3 Browsing the JDK Module Graph
- 5.4 Error: Module Graph with a Cycle
LUNCH BREAK (1 hour)
Segment 6 Migrating Code to Java 9
- 6.1 Unnamed Module
- 6.2 Automatic Modules
- 6.3 jdeps: Java Dependency Analysis
Segment 7 Resources in Modules; Using an Automatic Module
- 7.1 Automatic Modules
- 7.2 Requiring Multiple Modules
- 7.3 Opening a Module for Reflection
- 7.4 Module-Dependency Graph
- 7.5 Compiling the Module
- 7.6 Running a Modularized App
Segment 8 Creating Custom Runtimes with jlink
- 8.1 Listing the JRE’s Modules
- 8.2 Custom Runtime Containing Only java.base
- 8.3 Creating a Custom Runtime for the Welcome App
- 8.4 Executing the Welcome App Using a Custom Runtime
- 8.5 Using the Module Resolver on a Custom Runtime
Segment 9 Services and ServiceLoader
- 9.1 Service-Provider Interface
- 9.2 Loading and Consuming Service Providers
- 9.3 uses Module Directive and Service Consumers
- 9.4 Running the App with No Service Providers
- 9.5 Implementing a Service Provider
- 9.6 provides…with Module Directive and Declaring a Service Provider
- 9.7 Running the App with One Service Provider
- 9.8 Implementing a Second Service Provider
- 9.9 Running the App with Two Service Providers