Provincial governments have programs relating to long-term care issues in place to assist people with some major health-related events. Long-term care (LTC) generally deals with providing non-acute nursing assistance to those who are restricted or prevented from being able to live independently due to an ongoing (or chronic) condition(s) or cognitive impairment. Long-term care may take place in the home or in a care facility. Long-term care is different from traditional care in that it is designed to maintain a level of independent living, not to provide a cure or improvement in the condition. The incidence of LTC needs is increasing for two main reasons. First, people are living longer. Advances in medical treatment and drug therapy have extended life expectancies. Second, hospital stays are now generally very short and the care that used to be delivered in the hospital must now be received in the home or in a care facility.
The range of long-term care services and facilities provided by government programs varies widely between provinces. Some of the restrictions for users include:
• qualifying for benefits by condition
• qualifying for benefits by income (means test)
• availability of services or facility
• limited choices and options
• limits on amount of assistance (maximums)
Ongoing care that is covered by government programs falls under two main categories—home care and facility care.
The home has become today’s recovery room. Shorter ...