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X and the City by John A. Adam

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Chapter 13

CONGESTION IN THE CITY

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If all the cars in the United States were placed end to end, it would probably be Labor Day Weekend.

—Doug Larson

X = v(N): SOME EMPIRICAL MEASURES OF URBAN CONGESTION

What percentage of our (waking) time do we spend driving? In the United States, a typical drive to and from work may be at least half an hour each way, frequently more in high density metropolitan areas. So for an 8-hr working day, the drive adds at least 12–13% to that time, during much of which drivers may become extremely frustrated. (Confession: I am not one of those people; I am fortunate enough to walk to work!)

On 25 January 2011 my local ...

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