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Working with Audio by Stanley R. Alten

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Chapter 6. Microphones

The analogy can be made that microphones are to audio production what colors are to painting. The more colors and hues available to a painter, the greater the possibilities for coloration on a visual canvas. In recording sound, the more models of microphones, the greater variety of tones on the sonic palette and, hence, the greater the possibilities for coloration in designing an aural canvas.

When choosing a microphone, or mic, consider three basic features: operating principles, directional characteristic(s), and sound response. Appearance may be a fourth feature to consider if the mic is on-camera. Cost and durability may be two other considerations.

Operating Principles

Like the loudspeaker, the microphone is a transducer ...

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