O'Reilly logo

Wireless Power Transfer via Radiowaves by Naoki Shinohara

Stay ahead with the world's most comprehensive technology and business learning platform.

With Safari, you learn the way you learn best. Get unlimited access to videos, live online training, learning paths, books, tutorials, and more.

Start Free Trial

No credit card required

Chapter 1

History, Present and Future of WPT

1.1. Theoretical predictions and the first trial in the 19th Century

In 1864, James C. Maxwell predicted the existence of radiowaves by means of a mathematical model. The so-called Maxwell equations are the most famous and most successful formulas. In 1884, John H. Poynting realized that the Poynting vector would play an important role in quantifying electromagnetic energy. In 1888, bolstered by Maxwell’s theory, Heinrich Hertz first succeeded in showing experimental evidence of radiowaves using his spark-gap radio transmitter. The prediction and evidence of radiowaves toward the end of the 19th Century was the beginning of wireless power transfer (WPT).

During the same period, when Marchese G. Marconi and Reginald Fessenden pioneered communication via radiowaves, Nicola Tesla suggested the idea of wireless power transfer and carried out the first WPT experiments in 1899 [TES 04a, TES 04b]. He said “This energy will be collected all over the globe preferably in small amounts, ranging from a fraction of one to a few horse-power. One of its chief uses will be the illumination of isolated homes”. Tesla actually built a gigantic coil that was connected to a 200 ft high mast with a 3 ft diameter ball at its top. The device was called the “Tesla Tower” (Figure 1.1). Tesla fed 300 kw of power to the coil that resonated at a frequency of 150 kHz. The radio frequency (RF) potential at the top sphere reached 100 MV. Unfortunately, the experiment ...

With Safari, you learn the way you learn best. Get unlimited access to videos, live online training, learning paths, books, interactive tutorials, and more.

Start Free Trial

No credit card required