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Windows Server 2003 in a Nutshell by Mitch Tulloch

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Name

Shared Folders—Concepts

Synopsis

This topic covers various aspects of shared folders, including managing shared folders, offline folders, shadow copies, and administrative shares.

Sharing Files

A shared folder is a folder whose contents (files) are made available for network users. To share a folder, you can use Windows Explorer, and once a folder is shared, its icon is a hand holding a folder. A file server is a computer dedicated to the purpose of hosting shared folders, and WS2003 can function as a file server by adding the File Server role using Manage Your Server. Alternatively, simply share a folder on the machine and the File Server role will be automatically added.

However, simply sharing a folder isn’t enough to make network resources securely accessible to users—you also need to assign suitable permissions to the folder to control who has access to it and what level of access they have. For folders on FAT or FAT32 volumes, you can use shared-folder permissions to do this, but shared-folder permissions aren’t very granular and offer only a limited degree of control over users’ access to the folder. Furthermore, they can be applied only to the folder and its contents as a whole and can’t be applied to individual files within the folder.

A better way of securing shared folders is to locate them on NTFS volumes. This is because NTFS permissions are more granular than shared-folder permissions. NTFS permissions can also be assigned to individual files within a folder, giving ...

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