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Windows Server 2003 in a Nutshell by Mitch Tulloch

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Files and Folders—Concepts

Synopsis

This topic deals with various aspects of managing files and folders, including attributes, compression, encryption, and various ways of displaying and manipulating files and folders. For additional information, see Disks, Permissions, and Shared Folders in this chapter.

Attributes

Attributes are properties of a file or folder that indicate something about its state. The attributes you can set for files or folders depend on whether the underlying partition or volume is formatted using FAT, FAT32, or NTFS:

Read-only (NTFS and FAT)

When applied to a file, this prevents the contents of the file from being modified. If applied to a folder, you can choose to make either the folder alone read-only or the folder and all its contents (including subfolders) read-only. Making the folder alone read-only isn’t very useful since new files you create in the folder don’t inherit this attribute. By default, operating-system files are always marked Read-only, Hidden, and System.

Hidden (NTFS and FAT)

This hides the file or folder from normal view the next time you view the parent folder’s contents. By default, operating-system files are marked Read-only and Hidden. To display hidden files in Windows Explorer, select Tools Folder Options View Show hidden files and folders.

File/Folder is ready for archiving (NTFS and FAT)

When marked, this indicates that the file or folder should be backed up during the next backup cycle. Once the file or folder has been backed ...

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