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Windows Server 2003 in a Nutshell by Mitch Tulloch

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Chapter 1. NT 2003

This brief chapter is designed to help Windows NT administrators quickly transition to Windows Server 2003 (WS2003) by highlighting some important differences between administering the two platforms. If you are a Windows 2000 (W2K) administrator looking for help transitioning, see Chapter 2. NT administrators are also encouraged to read through Chapter 2 because that chapter goes into greater depth regarding some features of WS2003.

New Tools, Old Tasks

If you are familiar with the Windows NT administrative tools and desktop, you may initially be thrown by WS2003 and its new Microsoft Management Console tools and enhanced desktop. Tables 1-1 through 1-3 help you bridge the gap between the two platforms, with the base Windows NT platform being Service Pack 4 or later.

To begin with, Table 1-1 lists the various Windows NT administrative tools and their counterparts in WS2003. Note that there is frequently no one-to-one correspondence between the old tools and the new. The steps for accessing administrative tools from the Start menu also differ slightly between the two platforms, namely:

Windows NT

Start Programs Administrative Tools

WS2003

Start Administrative Tools

The above steps are implicit in Table 1-1.

Tip

There are often several ways of doing things in WS2003, but for simplicity and efficiency I usually describe only the most obvious method or the one involving the fewest number of steps.

Table 1-1. Administrative tools for Windows NT versus Windows Server 2003

NT tool

WS2003 counterpart

Administrative Wizards

Manage Your Server

Backup

Accessories System Tools Backup

DHCP Manager

DHCP[a]

Disk Administrator

Computer Management Storage Disk Management

DNS Manager

DNS[a]

Event Viewer

Event Viewer[a]

Internet Service Manager

Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager[a]

License Manager

Licensing

Migration Tool for NetWare

No counterpart

Network Client Administrator

Use \I386\Adminpak.msi to install WS2003 administrative tools on workstations

Use Remote Installation Services (RIS) for network installation of workstations

Network Monitor

Network Monitor

Performance Monitor

Performance

Remote Access Admin

Routing and Remote Access

Server Manager

Computer Management System Tools Shared Folders (to manage shared folders and send console messages to connected users)

Active Directory Users and Computers (to add a computer to a domain)

Active Directory Sites and Services (to manually force directory replication between domain controllers)

System Policy Editor

Group Policy snap-in (can also be accessed from Active Directory Users and Computers and other consoles)

User Manager

Computer Management System Tools Local Users and Groups (to manage local accounts on standalone servers in a workgroup)

Local Security Policy (to configure password restrictions, account lockout, audit policy, and user rights on standalone servers in a workgroup)

User Manager for Domains

Active Directory Users and Computers (to manage domain accounts and to configure password restrictions, account lockout, audit policy, and user rights through Group Policy)

Active Directory Domains and Trusts (to manage trusts)

Windows NT Diagnostics

All Programs Accessories System Tools System Information

WINS Manager

WINS[a]

[a] Can also be accessed under Computer Management Services.

Table 1-2 compares special folders and utilities in Windows NT with their Windows Server 2003 counterparts.

Table 1-2. Special folders and utilities in Windows NT versus Windows Server 2003

NT folder or utility

WS2003 counterpart

My Computer

My Computer

Network Neighborhood

My Network Places

C:\Winnt (system folder)

C:\Windows

C:\Winnt\Profiles (location where local user profiles are stored)

C:\Documents and Settings (unless an upgrade from NT was performed, in which case it remains in its original location)

Default location where applications save their files varies in Windows NT

My Documents folder for compliant applications (unless an upgrade from NT was performed, in which case it remains in its original location)

Start Find

Start Search

Start Help

Start Help and Support

Start Programs Command Prompt

Start Command Prompt

Start Programs Accessories Windows NT Explorer

Start Windows Explorer

Start Settings Active Desktop

Right-click on desktop Active Desktop

Start Settings Folder Options

Control Panel Folder Options

Accessories Dial-up Networking

Control Panel Network Connections

Accessories Telnet

telnet command

Finally, Table 1-3 compares Control Panel utilities in Windows NT with their Windows Server 2003 counterparts.

Table 1-3. Control Panel utilities in Windows NT versus Windows Server 2003

NT Control Panel utility

WS2003 counterpart

Console

Command Prompt right-click on Control Menu Defaults

Devices

Computer Management System Tools Device Manager

Internet

Internet Options

Modems

Phone and Modem Options

Network Network Identification

System Computer Name

Network {Services | Protocols | Adapters}

Network Connections Local Area Connection Properties

Network Bindings

All Programs Accessories Communications Network Connections Advanced Advanced Settings

ODBC

Administrative Tools Data Sources (ODBC)

Ports

Computer Management System Tools Device Manager

Regional Settings

Regional and Language Options

SCSI Adapters

Computer Management System Tools Device Manager

Server

Computer Management System Tools Shared Folders

Services

Administrative Tools Services

System General

System General

System User Profiles

System Advanced User Profiles Settings

System Performance

System Advanced Performance Settings

System Environment

System Advanced Environment Variables

System Startup/Shutdown

System Advanced Startup and Recovery

System Hardware Profiles

System Hardware Hardware Profiles

Tape Devices

Computer Management System Tools Device Manager

Telephony

Phone and Modem Options Dialing Rules

UPS

Power Options UPS

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