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Web Standards: Mastering HTML5, CSS3, and XML

Book Description

Web Standards: Mastering HTML5, CSS3, and XML provides solutions to the most common website problems, and gives you a deep understanding of web standards and how they can be applied to improve your website. You will learn how to create fully standards-compliant websites and provide search engine-optimized Web documents with faster download times, accurate rendering, correct appearance and layout, lower development cost, approved accessibility, backward and forward compatibility, and easy maintenance and content updating. The book covers all major Web standards, focusing on syntax, grammar, recommended annotations, and other standardization concerns.

Web Standards: Mastering HTML5, CSS3, and XML is also a comprehensive guide to current and future standards for the World Wide Web. As a web developer, you'll have seen problems with inconsistent appearance and behavior of the same site in different browsers. Web standards can and should be used to completely eliminate these problems. Web Standards: Mastering HTML5, CSS3, and XML describes how you can make the most of web standards, through technology discussions as well as practical sample code that you can use for your own sites and web applications. It also provides a quick guide to standard website creation for Web developers.

  • Learn techniques and best practices to achieve full standards compliance

  • Write valid markup, styles, and news feeds from scratch or standardize websites by redesign

  • Restrict markup to semantics and provide reliable layout

What you'll learn

  • The importance and benefits of Web standards

  • How to write valid markup from scratch

  • The most up-to-date standards, rather than non-finalized specifications

  • How to provide meaningful semantics and machine-readable metadata

  • How to restrict markup to semantics

  • How to achieve full standard compliance reasonably

Who this book is for

Web Standards: Mastering HTML5, CSS3, and XML provides a complete reference of Web standardization resources for website developers.

Table of Contents

  1. Title
  2. Contents at a Glance
  3. Contents
  4. About the Author
  5. About the Technical Reviewer
  6. Preface
  7. PART 1: Web Standards
    1. CHAPTER 1: Introduction to Web Standards
      1. The Basic Concepts
      2. The Role of Standardization
      3. Development and Announcement of Standards
      4. Standards Promotion and Distribution
      5. Types, Stages, and Status of Standards
      6. The Variety of Rendering Engines
      7. Testing the Standard Support of Browsers
      8. Standards vs. Quirks Modes, DOCTYPE Switching
      9. Problem Statement
      10. Major Concerns
      11. Summary
      12. References
    2. CHAPTER 2: Internationalization
      1. The Importance of Character Encoding
      2. Unicode
      3. Declaring Character Encoding for the Markup
      4. Declaring Character Encoding for CSS
      5. Escape Codes, Special Characters, and Symbols
      6. Checking I18N
      7. Summary
      8. References
    3. CHAPTER 3: Markup Languages: More Than HTML5
      1. SGML Languages
      2. XML Languages
      3. Version Overview
      4. Markup Syntaxes
      5. Data Types
      6. Markup Elements
      7. Attributes
      8. HTML Document Structure
      9. Moving from HTML to XHTML
      10. Specific Markup Languages
      11. Combinations, Profiles, and Mixed-Namespace Documents
      12. Choosing a Markup Language
      13. Alternatives to Web Markup
      14. Summary
      15. References
    4. CHAPTER 4: Serving and Configuration
      1. The HTTP Header
      2. Internet Media Types (MIME)
      3. Serving XHTML
      4. URIs, URLs, and URNs
      5. Summary
      6. References
    5. CHAPTER 5: Style Sheets
      1. Cascading Style Sheets
      2. XSL
      3. Combining CSS and XSL
      4. Summary
      5. References
    6. CHAPTER 6: Scripting and Applications
      1. Client-Server Architectures
      2. Scripting and Standards Implementation
      3. Client-Side Development
      4. Server-Side Development
      5. Combinations of Client-Side and Server-Side Technologies
      6. Database Technologies
      7. Alternate Content and Fallback Mechanism for Scripts
      8. Summary
      9. References
    7. CHAPTER 7: Metadata and the Semantic Web
      1. The Semantic Web
      2. Wide Variety of Annotations and Syntaxes
      3. The meta Tags
      4. Schemas, Vocabularies, and Ontologies
      5. Combining Metadata
      6. Special Applications
      7. Metadata in SEO
      8. Summary
      9. References
    8. CHAPTER 8: Web Syndication
      1. News Feeds
      2. Really Simple Syndication
      3. Atom
      4. RSS or Atom?
      5. Summary
      6. References
    9. CHAPTER 9: Optimized Appearance
      1. Layout
      2. Typography
      3. Embedding External Content
      4. Summary
      5. References
    10. CHAPTER 10: Accessibility
      1. Defining Web Accessibility
      2. Migrating from WCAG 1.0 to WCAG 2.0
      3. Semantic (X)HTML5 Elements and WAI-ARIA
      4. JavaScript Accessibility
      5. PDF Accessibility
      6. Flash Accessibility
      7. Accessibility of Mathematical Notations
      8. Summary
      9. References
  8. PART 2: Developing Standards
    1. CHAPTER 11: Development Tools
      1. Feature Requirements
      2. Text Editors
      3. WYSIWYG Editors
      4. Content Management Systems and Bloggers
      5. Specific Editors
      6. Markup Correctors
      7. Browsers as Development Tools
      8. Summary
      9. References
    2. CHAPTER 12: Putting It All Together
      1. Choosing the Relevant Standards
      2. Step-by-Step Development
      3. Making Web Sites Valid Through Redesign
      4. Summary
      5. References
    3. CHAPTER 13: Best Practices
      1. Appropriately Used Elements
      2. Content in Logical Order
      3. Reliable Positioning
      4. Sizes and Proportions
      5. Embedding External Content Properly
      6. Semantic Web Best Practices
      7. WAI-ARIA Best Practices
      8. Mobile Web Best Practices
      9. Providing Robustness
      10. Testing
      11. Summary
      12. References
    4. CHAPTER 14: Validation
      1. Concepts
      2. Markup Validation
      3. Validating XML
      4. Validating CSS
      5. Validating I18N
      6. Validating Hyperlinks
      7. Validating Accessibility
      8. Validating Mobile-Friendliness
      9. Unified Validators
      10. Extracting Semantic Content
      11. Expressing Validity
      12. Representing Technologies
      13. Summary
      14. References
    5. CHAPTER 15: Most Common Errors
      1. Common Serving Errors
      2. Common Markup Errors
      3. Common Style Sheet Errors
      4. Common News Feed Errors
      5. Common Script Errors
      6. Common Accessibility Errors
      7. Summary
      8. References
  9. Index