You are previewing WCDMA for UMTS: HSPA Evolution and LTE, 5th Edition.
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WCDMA for UMTS: HSPA Evolution and LTE, 5th Edition

Book Description

Now in its fifth edition, the bestselling book on UMTS has been updated to cover 3GPP WCDMA and High Speed Packet Access (HSPA) from Release 99 to Release 9. Written by leading experts in the field, the book explains HSPA performance based on simulations and field experience, and illustrates the benefits of HSPA evolution (HSPA+) both from the operators and from the end user?s perspective. It continues to provide updated descriptions of the 3GPP standard including the physical layer, radio protocols on layers 1-3 and a system architecture description. The challenges and solutions regarding terminal RF design are also discussed, including the benefits of HSPA+ power saving features. There is also the addition of a new chapter on femto cells as part of the updates to this fifth edition.

Key updates include:

  • HSPA evolution (HSPA+);

  • Multicarrier HSPA solutions;

  • HSPA femto cells (home base stations);

  • TD-SCDMA system description;

  • Terminal power consumption optimization.

  • Updated description of LTE

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright
  4. Preface
  5. Acknowledgements
  6. Abbreviations
  7. 1 Introduction
    1. 1.1 WCDMA Early Phase
    2. 1.2 HSPA Introduction and Data Growth
    3. 1.3 HSPA Deployments Globally
    4. 1.4 HSPA Evolution
    5. 1.5 HSPA Network Product
    6. 1.6 HSPA Future Outlook
  8. 2 UMTS Services
    1. 2.1 Introduction
    2. 2.2 Voice
    3. 2.3 Video Telephony
    4. 2.4 Messaging
    5. 2.5 Mobile Email
    6. 2.6 Browsing
    7. 2.7 Application and Content Downloading
    8. 2.8 Streaming
    9. 2.9 Gaming
    10. 2.10 Mobile Broadband for Laptop and Netbook Connectivity
    11. 2.11 Social Networking
    12. 2.12 Mobile TV
    13. 2.13 Location-Based Services
    14. 2.14 Machine-to-Machine Communications
    15. 2.15 Quality of Service (QoS) Differentiation
    16. 2.16 Maximum Air Interface Capacity
    17. 2.17 Terminals
    18. 2.18 Tariff Schemes
  9. 3 Introduction to WCDMA
    1. 3.1 Introduction
    2. 3.2 Summary of the Main Parameters in WCDMA
    3. 3.3 Spreading and Despreading
    4. 3.4 Multipath Radio Channels and Rake Reception
    5. 3.5 Power Control
    6. 3.6 Softer and Soft Handovers
  10. 4 Background and Standardization of WCDMA
    1. 4.1 Introduction
    2. 4.2 Background in Europe
    3. 4.3 Background in Japan
    4. 4.4 Background in Korea
    5. 4.5 Background in the United States
    6. 4.6 Creation of 3GPP
    7. 4.7 How Does 3GPP Operate?
    8. 4.8 Creation of 3GPP2
    9. 4.9 Harmonization Phase
    10. 4.10 IMT-2000 Process in ITU
    11. 4.11 Beyond 3GPP Release 99 WCDMA
    12. 4.12 Industry Convergence with LTE and LTE-Advanced
  11. 5 Radio Access Network Architecture
    1. 5.1 Introduction
    2. 5.2 UTRAN Architecture
    3. 5.3 General Protocol Model for UTRAN Terrestrial Interfaces
    4. 5.4 Iu, the UTRAN–CN Interface
    5. 5.5 UTRAN Internal Interfaces
    6. 5.6 UTRAN Enhancements and Evolution
    7. 5.7 UMTS CN Architecture and Evolution
  12. 6 Physical Layer
    1. 6.1 Introduction
    2. 6.2 Transport Channels and Their Mapping to the Physical Channels
    3. 6.3 Spreading and Modulation
    4. 6.4 User Data Transmission
    5. 6.5 Signaling
    6. 6.6 Physical Layer Procedures
    7. 6.7 Terminal Radio Access Capabilities
    8. 6.8 Conclusion
  13. 7 Radio Interface Protocols
    1. 7.1 Introduction
    2. 7.2 Protocol Architecture
    3. 7.3 The Medium Access Control Protocol
    4. 7.4 The Radio Link Control Protocol
    5. 7.5 The Packet Data Convergence Protocol
    6. 7.6 The Broadcast/Multicast Control Protocol
    7. 7.7 Multimedia Broadcast Multicast Service
    8. 7.8 The Radio Resource Control Protocol
    9. 7.9 Early UE Handling Principles
    10. 7.10 Improvements for Call Set-up Time Reduction
  14. 8 Radio Network Planning
    1. 8.1 Introduction
    2. 8.2 Dimensioning
    3. 8.3 Capacity and Coverage Planning and Optimization
    4. 8.4 GSM Co-planning
    5. 8.5 Inter-Operator Interference
    6. 8.6 WCDMA Frequency Variants
    7. 8.7 UMTS Refarming to GSM Band
    8. 8.8 Interference between GSM and UMTS
    9. 8.9 Remaining GSM Voice Capacity
    10. 8.10 Shared Site Solutions with GSM and UMTS
    11. 8.11 Interworking of UMTS900 and UMTS2100
  15. 9 Radio Resource Management
    1. 9.1 Introduction
    2. 9.2 Power Control
    3. 9.3 Handovers
    4. 9.4 Measurement of Air Interface Load
    5. 9.5 Admission Control
    6. 9.6 Load Control (Congestion Control)
  16. 10 Packet Scheduling
    1. 10.1 Introduction
    2. 10.2 Transmission Control Protocol (TCP)
    3. 10.3 Round Trip Time
    4. 10.4 User-Specific Packet Scheduling
    5. 10.5 Cell-Specific Packet Scheduling
    6. 10.6 Packet Data System Performance
    7. 10.7 Packet Data Application Performance
  17. 11 Physical Layer Performance
    1. 11.1 Introduction
    2. 11.2 Cell Coverage
    3. 11.3 Downlink Cell Capacity
    4. 11.4 Capacity Trials
    5. 11.5 3GPP Performance Requirements
    6. 11.6 Performance Enhancements
  18. 12 High-Speed Downlink Packet Access
    1. 12.1 Introduction
    2. 12.2 Release 99 WCDMA Downlink Packet Data Capabilities
    3. 12.3 The HSDPA Concept
    4. 12.4 HSDPA Impact on Radio Access Network Architecture
    5. 12.5 Release 4 HSDPA Feasibility Study Phase
    6. 12.6 HSDPA Physical Layer Structure
    7. 12.7 HSDPA Terminal Capability and Achievable Data Rates
    8. 12.8 Mobility with HSDPA
    9. 12.9 HSDPA Performance
    10. 12.10 HSPA Link Budget
    11. 12.11 HSDPA Iub Dimensioning
    12. 12.12 HSPA Round Trip Time
    13. 12.13 Terminal Receiver Aspects
    14. 12.14 Evolution in Release 6
    15. 12.15 Conclusion
  19. 13 High-Speed Uplink Packet Access
    1. 13.1 Introduction
    2. 13.2 Release 99 WCDMA Downlink Packet Data Capabilities
    3. 13.3 The HSUPA Concept
    4. 13.4 HSUPA Impact on Radio Access Network Architecture
    5. 13.5 HSUPA Feasibility Study Phase
    6. 13.6 HSUPA Physical Layer Structure
    7. 13.7 E-DCH and Related Control Channels
    8. 13.8 HSUPA Physical Layer Operation Procedure
    9. 13.9 HSUPA Terminal Capability
    10. 13.10 HSUPA Performance
    11. 13.11 Conclusion
  20. 14 Multimedia Broadcast Multicast Service (MBMS)
    1. 14.1 Introduction
    2. 14.2 MBMS Impact on Network Architecture
    3. 14.3 High Level MBMS Procedures
    4. 14.4 MBMS Radio Interface Channel Structure
    5. 14.5 MBMS Terminal Capability
    6. 14.6 MBMS Performance
    7. 14.7 MBMS Deployment and Use Cases
    8. 14.8 Benchmarking of MBMS with DVB-H
    9. 14.9 3GPP MBMS Evolution in Release 7
    10. 14.10 Why Did MBMS Fail?
    11. 14.11 Integrated Mobile Broadcast (IMB) in Release 8
    12. 14.12 Conclusion
  21. 15 HSPA Evolution
    1. 15.1 Introduction
    2. 15.2 Discontinuous Transmission and Reception (DTX/DRX)
    3. 15.3 Circuit Switched Voice on HSPA
    4. 15.4 Enhanced FACH and Enhanced RACH
    5. 15.5 Latency
    6. 15.6 Fast Dormancy
    7. 15.7 Downlink 64QAM
    8. 15.8 Downlink MIMO
    9. 15.9 Transmit Diversity (TxAA)
    10. 15.10 Uplink 16QAM
    11. 15.11 UE Categories
    12. 15.12 Layer 2 Optimization
    13. 15.13 Architecture Evolution
    14. 15.14 Conclusion
  22. 16 HSPA Multicarrier Evolution
    1. 16.1 Introduction
    2. 16.2 Dual Cell HSDPA in Release 8
    3. 16.3 Dual Cell HSUPA in Release 9
    4. 16.4 Dual Cell HSDPA with MIMO in Release 9
    5. 16.5 Dual Band HSDPA in Release 9
    6. 16.6 Three and Four Carrier HSDPA in Release 10
    7. 16.7 UE Categories
    8. 16.8 Conclusion
  23. 17 UTRAN Long-Term Evolution
    1. 17.1 Introduction
    2. 17.2 Multiple Access and Architecture Decisions
    3. 17.3 LTE Impact on Network Architecture
    4. 17.4 LTE Multiple Access
    5. 17.5 LTE Physical Layer Design and Parameters
    6. 17.6 LTE Physical Layer Procedures
    7. 17.7 LTE Protocols
    8. 17.8 Performance
    9. 17.9 LTE Device Categories
    10. 17.10 LTE-Advanced Outlook
    11. 17.11 Conclusion
  24. 18 TD-SCDMA
    1. 18.1 Introduction
    2. 18.2 Differences in the Network-Level Architecture
    3. 18.3 TD-SCDMA Physical Layer
    4. 18.4 TD-SCDMA Data Rates
    5. 18.5 TD-SCDMA Physical Layer Procedures
    6. 18.6 TD-SCDMA Interference and Co-existence Considerations
    7. 18.7 Conclusion and Future Outlook on TD-SCDMA
  25. 19 Home Node B and Femtocells
    1. 19.1 Introduction
    2. 19.2 Home Node B Specification Work
    3. 19.3 Technical Challenges of Uncoordinated Mass Deployment
    4. 19.4 Home Node B Architecture
    5. 19.5 Closed Subscriber Group
    6. 19.6 Home Node B-Related Mobility
    7. 19.7 Home Node B Deployment and Interference Mitigation
    8. 19.8 Home Node B Evolution
    9. 19.9 Conclusion
  26. 20 Terminal RF and Baseband Design Challenges
    1. 20.1 Introduction
    2. 20.2 Transmitter Chain System Design Challenges
    3. 20.3 Receiver Chain Design Challenges
    4. 20.4 Improving Talk-Time with DTX/DRX
    5. 20.5 Multi-Mode/Band Challenges
    6. 20.6 Conclusion
  27. Index