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Wavelet Neural Networks: With Applications in Financial Engineering, Chaos, and Classification by Antonios Alexandridis, Achilleas Zapranis

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1 Machine Learning and Financial Engineering

Wavelet networks are a new class of networks that combine the classic sigmoid neural networks and wavelet analysis. Wavelet networks were proposed by Zhang and Benveniste (1992) as an alternative to feedforward neural networks which would alleviate the weaknesses associated with wavelet analysis and neural networks while preserving the advantages of each method.

Recently, wavelet networks have gained a lot of attention and have been used with great success in a wide range of applications, ranging from engineering; control; financial modeling; short-term load forecasting; time-series prediction; signal classification and compression; signal denoising; static, dynamic, and nonlinear modeling; to nonlinear static function approximation.

Wavelet networks are a generalization of radial basis function networks (RBFNs). Wavelet networks are hidden layer networks that use a wavelet for activation instead of the classic sigmoidal family. It is important to mention here that multidimensional wavelets preserve the “universal approximation” property that characterizes neural networks. The nodes (or wavelons) of wavelet networks are wavelet coefficients of the function expansion that have a significant value. In Bernard et al. (1998), various reasons were presented for why wavelets should be used instead of other transfer functions. In particular, first, wavelets have high compression abilities, and second, computing the value at a single point ...

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