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Waste to Energy Conversion Technology

Book Description

Increasing global consumerism and population has led to an increase in the levels of waste produced. Waste to energy (WTE) conversion technologies can be employed to convert residual wastes into clean energy, rather than sending these wastes directly to landfill. Waste to energy conversion technology explores the systems, technology and impacts of waste to energy conversion.

Part one provides an introduction to WTE conversion and reviews the waste hierarchy and WTE systems options along with the corresponding environmental, regulatory and techno-economic issues facing this technology. Part two goes on to explore further specific aspects of WTE systems, engineering and technology and includes chapters on municipal solid waste (MSW) combustion plants and WTE systems for district heating. Finally, part three highlights pollution control systems for waste to energy technologies.

Waste to energy conversion technology is a standard reference book for plant managers, building engineers and consultants requiring an understanding of WTE technologies, and researchers, scientists and academics interested in the field.

  • Reviews the waste hierarchy and waste to energy systems options along with the environmental and social impact of WTE conversion plants
  • Explores the engineering and technology behind WTE systems including considerations of municipal solid waste (MSW) its treatment, combustion and gasification
  • Considers pollution control systems for WTE technologies including the transformation of wast combustion facilities from major polluters to pollution sinks

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. Contributor contact details
  6. Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy
  7. Foreword
  8. Part I: Introduction to waste to energy conversion
    1. Chapter 1: Waste to energy (WTE): an introduction
      1. Abstract:
      2. 1.1 Energy supply and waste management
      3. 1.2 Biogenic fraction of carbon and calorific value of municipal solid waste (MSW)
      4. 1.3 Thermal treatment of municipal solid waste (MSW)
      5. 1.4 Recycling and WTE
      6. 1.5 Contents of this book
    2. Chapter 2: Environmental and social impacts of waste to energy (WTE) conversion plants
      1. Abstract:
      2. 2.1 Introduction
      3. 2.2 Contributions of WTE conversion to waste reduction and energy generation
      4. 2.3 Air quality and residue management considerations of WTE conversion
      5. 2.4 Greenhouse gas profile of WTE
      6. 2.5 Compatibility of WTE with recycling
      7. 2.6 Health and safety aspects of WTE
      8. 2.7 Integrated planning for WTE plants
      9. 2.8 Future trends
    3. Chapter 3: Lifecycle assessment (LCA) and its application to sustainable waste management
      1. Abstract:
      2. 3.1 Introduction
      3. 3.2 Energetic comparison of waste to energy (WTE) systems and alternative waste options
      4. 3.3 Emissions comparison of WTE systems and alternative waste options
      5. 3.4 Advantages and limitations of using an LCA approach to evaluate waste management systems
      6. 3.5 An alternative metric to evaluate waste management systems that addresses goal-oriented needs
      7. 3.6 Sources of further information
    4. Chapter 4: Feedstocks for waste to energy (WTE) systems: types, properties and analysis
      1. Abstract:
      2. 4.1 Introduction
      3. 4.2 Types of feedstock for WTE systems and their characteristics
      4. 4.3 Testing of feedstocks for WTE systems
  9. Part II: Waste to energy systems, engineering and technology
    1. Chapter 5: Pre-processing and treatment of municipal solid waste (MSW) prior to incineration
      1. Abstract:
      2. 5.1 Introduction
      3. 5.2 Basic screening processes: mass burn
      4. 5.3 Fuel upgrading and enhancement processes
      5. 5.4 Advanced screening, separation and processing
      6. 5.5 Shredding and size reduction processes
      7. 5.6 Conclusion
    2. Chapter 6: Municipal solid waste (MSW) combustion plants
      1. Abstract:
      2. 6.1 Introduction
      3. 6.2 Principles of combustion
      4. 6.3 Mass burn waterwall combustion systems
      5. 6.4 Refuse-derived fuel (RDF) combustion systems
      6. 6.5 Modular combustion systems
      7. 6.6 Advantages and limitations
      8. 6.7 New developments
      9. 6.8 Sources of further information
    3. Chapter 7: Waste firing in large combustion plants
      1. Abstract:
      2. 7.1 Introduction
      3. 7.2 Pulverised-coal (PC) units with direct co-firing
      4. 7.3 Direct fluidised-bed combustion
      5. 7.4 Co-combustion of gasification gas in a pulverised-coal boiler
      6. 7.5 Retrofitting a pulverised-coal plant with fluidised-bed units
      7. 7.6 Controlling high-temperature corrosion in co-fired units
      8. 7.7 Conclusion
    4. Chapter 8: Waste to energy (WTE) systems for district heating
      1. Abstract:
      2. 8.1 Introduction
      3. 8.2 Waste boilers
      4. 8.3 Electricity production in waste to energy (WTE) facilities
      5. 8.4 WTE facilities as sources of heat
      6. 8.5 Optimizing energy efficiency in WTE combined heat and power (CHP) facilities
      7. 8.6 Conclusion
    5. Chapter 9: Gasification and pyrolysis of municipal solid waste (MSW)
      1. Abstract:
      2. 9.1 Introduction
      3. 9.2 Gasification and pyrolysis
      4. 9.3 Products and their applications
      5. 9.4 Process analysis and reactor design
      6. 9.5 Process modifications for gasification systems
      7. 9.6 Environmental effect of gasification
      8. 9.7 Technologies in operation
      9. 9.8 Conclusion
  10. Part III: Pollution control systems for waste to energy technologies
    1. Chapter 10: Transformation of waste combustion facilities from major polluters to pollution sinks
      1. Abstract:
      2. 10.1 Introduction
      3. 10.2 Status of waste combustion before 1970
      4. 10.3 Air emission regulations and their influence upon technology
      5. 10.4 Dioxin emissions
      6. 10.5 Environmental impact of emissions from modern waste combustion plants
      7. 10.6 Conclusion
    2. Chapter 11: Air quality equipment and systems for waste to energy (WTE) conversion plants
      1. Abstract:
      2. 11.1 Air quality considerations and regulations for municipal waste combustors
      3. 11.2 Acid gas scrubbing in municipal waste combustors
      4. 11.3 Particulate control devices utilized at waste combustion facilities
      5. 11.4 Control of nitrogen oxide emissions and hazardous air pollutants from waste combustors
      6. 11.5 Air pollution control cost–benefit analysis
      7. 11.6 Air quality technology innovations for municipal waste combustors
  11. Index