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Vim—vi Improved

Vim is the most powerful and most popular of the vi clones currently in use. It is the default version of vi on most GNU/Linux systems.

Important Command-Line Options

-b

Start in binary mode.

-c command

Execute command at startup (POSIX version of the historical +command).

-C

Run in vi compatibility mode.

-f

For the GUI version, stay in the foreground.

-g

Start the GUI version of Vim, if Vim was compiled with support for the GUI.

-i viminfo

Read the given viminfo file for initialization instead of the default viminfo file.

-o [N]

Open N windows, if given; otherwise, open one window per file.

-O [N]

Like -o, but split the windows vertically.

-n

Don’t create a swap file: recovery won’t be possible.

-p

Open a new tab for each file named on the command line.

-q filename

Treat filename as the “quick fix” file.

-R

Start in read-only mode, setting the readonly option.

-s

Enter batch (script) mode. This is only for ex and intended for running editing scripts (POSIX version of the historical “–” argument).

-u vimrc

Read the given .vimrc file for initialization and skip all other normal initialization steps.

-U gvimrc

Read the given .gvimrc file for GUI initialization and skip all other normal GUI initialization steps.

-y

Enter “easy” mode, which provides more intuitive behavior for beginners.

-Z

Enter restricted mode (same as having a leading r in the name).

Vim Window Management

Vim lets you split the screen into multiple windows and control their size and placement.

Window management commands—ex

Command

Function ...

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