The DNS QUERY operation consists of a query and an answer. A query contains a request for an RR (or several RRs) from the DNS database. The answer either contains the particular RR or is a denial. The RR contained in an answer can be the ultimate answer or help the client to formulate another DNS QUERY to achieve the aim, i.e., to formulate another iteration.
DNS query uses the same packet format for both queries and answers as shown in the following figure:
A packet can consist of up to five sections. Each packet has to contain the HEADER section.
The term ‘query’ is ...