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Understanding Emotions, 3rd Edition by Jennifer M. Jenkins, Keith Oatley, Dacher Keltner

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8

Development of Emotions in Childhood

This chapter written with Mark Wade

CONTENTS

Theories of Emotional Development

Emotional Expression

Basic Emotions: Developmental Emergence

Social Emotions: 18 Months and Beyond

Developmental Progression of Emotions

Developmental Changes in Elicitation and Expression

Recognition of Emotions

Facial Expressions

Vocal Expressions

Postures and Gestures

Multimodal Recognition of Emotions

Infants' Brain Mechanisms in the Recognition of Emotions

The Negativity Bias

Regulation of Emotions

Regulatory Processes

Neurobiological Development of Emotion Regulation

Temperament

Genetic Contributions to Emotional Development

Summary

To Think About and Discuss

Further Reading

images

FIGURE 8.0 The picture shows a little girl with characteristic facial and postural expressions of anger.

… for all the time of our infancy and child-hood, our senses were joint-friends in such sort with our Passions, that whatsoever was hurtfull to the one was enemy to the other …

Thomas Wright, The Passions of the Minde in Generall (1604)

Emotional development is social development. We think of children as emotional beings: they cry, they laugh, and they get angry, generally in relation to other people. What's known about the development of children's emotions? Are these emotions different from those of adults, or are they much the same?

Children's emotions contribute mightily to their ...

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