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Understanding Emotions, 3rd Edition

Book Description

Dacher Keltner, Keith Oatley, and Jennifer Jenkins's third edition of Understanding Emotions emphasizes the value of emotions and explores the latest research with practical concerns for clinical problems, education and everyday understanding. The text extends across a broad range of disciplines and covers the entire lifespan from infancy to adulthood. It includes sections on the study of emotion, the different elements of emotion, evidence of how emotions govern and organize social life, and emotion and individual functioning, including psychological disorders and wellbeing.

Furthermore, the text offers combined chapters on evolutionary and cultural approaches, studies of new expressions (love, desire) as well as new systems of communication (touch, music), findings on emotion and the central nervous systems, and studies on the role of emotion in moral judgment. Discussions of how popular and classical movies emphasize emotions show how to keep an emotion diary to track one's emotions and interactions. The text includes boxes on emotional intelligence and how to improve it as well as scales of assessing the self. Boxes on emotions in art and literature and positive psychology boxes are also new editions to this issue.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover Page
  2. Dedication
  3. Title Page
  4. Copyright
  5. Brief Contents
  6. Contents
  7. Figures
  8. Tables
  9. Preface
  10. Acknowledgments
  11. Part I: Perspectives on Emotions
    1. Chapter 1: Approaches to Understanding Emotions
      1. Introduction
      2. What Is an Emotion? First Ideas
      3. Nineteenth-Century Founders
      4. Philosophical and Literary Approaches
      5. Brain Science, Psychology, Sociology
      6. What Is an Emotion? Some Conceptions
      7. The Emotional Realm: Emotions, Moods, Dispositions
      8. Summary
      9. Further Reading
    2. Chapter 2: Evolution of Emotions
      1. Elements of an Evolutionary Approach
      2. Three Social Motivations and One Antisocial Motivation
      3. Why Human Emotions Are As They Are
      4. Summary
      5. Further Reading
    3. Chapter 3: Cultural Understandings of Emotions
      1. The Construction of Emotions in the West
      2. A Cultural Approach to Emotion
      3. Approaches to Studying Cultural Influences on Emotion
      4. Integrating Evolutionary and Cultural Approaches to Emotion
      5. Summary
      6. Further Reading
  12. Part II: Elements of Emotions
    1. Chapter 4: Communication of Emotions
      1. Five Kinds of Nonverbal Behavior
      2. Facial Expressions of Emotion
      3. Vocal Communication of Emotions
      4. Communication of Emotions by Touch
      5. Emotional Expression and the Coordination of Social Interaction
      6. Cultural Variation in Emotional Expression
      7. Communication of Emotion in Art
      8. Summary
      9. Further Reading
    2. Chapter 5: Bodily Changes and Emotions
      1. The Autonomic Nervous System
      2. Post-Jamesian Theories
      3. The Search for Physiological Specificity
      4. The Interplay Between Bodily Reaction and Emotional Experience
      5. Embodiment, Cognition, and Social Interaction
      6. Summary
      7. Further Reading
    3. Chapter 6: Brain Mechanisms and Emotion
      1. Historical Approaches to the Neuroscience of Emotion
      2. Emotion and Subcortical Processes in the Brain
      3. Emotion and Cortical Processes in the Brain
      4. Neurochemicals and the Emotions
      5. Summary
      6. Further Reading
    4. Chapter 7: Appraisal, Knowledge, and Experience
      1. Appraisal and Emotion
      2. Primary Appraisals, Good and Bad
      3. Secondary Appraisals
      4. Extending Appraisal Research
      5. A Third Phase of Appraisal: Verbal Sharing
      6. Emotional Experience
      7. Summary
      8. Further Reading
  13. Part III: Emotions and Social Life
    1. Chapter 8: Development of Emotions in Childhood
      1. Theories of Emotional Development
      2. Emotional Expression
      3. Recognition of Emotions
      4. Regulation of Emotions
      5. Genetic Contributions to Emotional Development
      6. Summary
      7. Further Reading
    2. Chapter 9: Emotions in Social Relationships
      1. The Interaction Between Emotions and Social Relationships
      2. Emotions within Intimate Relationships
      3. Emotions in Friendships
      4. Emotions in Hierarchical Relationships
      5. Emotions within and Between Groups
      6. Emotional Intelligence
      7. Summary
      8. Further Reading
    3. Chapter 10: Emotions and Cognition
      1. Passion and Reason
      2. Emotions Prioritize Thoughts, Goals, and Actions
      3. Three Perspectives on Emotions in Cognitive Functioning
      4. Effects of Moods and Emotions on Cognitive Functioning
      5. Emotions and the Law
      6. Summary
      7. Further Reading
  14. Part IV: Emotions and the Individual
    1. Chapter 11: Individual Differences in Emotionality
      1. Biases of Emotion in Temperament and Personality
      2. Attachment and Emotionality
      3. Emotions Associated with Attachment Styles
      4. Parental Relationships in Children's Emotional Organization
      5. Beyond Parenting: Influences of Siblings and Peers
      6. Emotionality Over the Lifespan
      7. Summary
      8. Further Reading
    2. Chapter 12: Emotion-Based Disorders of Childhood
      1. Emotions and Mental Disorders
      2. Prevalence of Disorders in Childhood
      3. Risk Factors
      4. Distal Risks: Parental Psychopathology, Neighborhood, Social Class, and Peer Groups
      5. Trajectories of Disorders
      6. Therapy and Prevention
      7. Summary
      8. Further Reading
    3. Chapter 13: Mental Disorder and Well-Being in Adulthood
      1. Psychiatric Disorders: Symptoms and Prevalence
      2. How Disorders are Caused
      3. Vulnerability Factors
      4. Recurrence, Recovery, and Prolongation of Disorders
      5. Beyond Depression and Anxiety
      6. Well-Being
      7. Summary
      8. Further Reading
    4. Chapter 14: Consciousness, Regulation, Psychotherapy
      1. Consciousness
      2. Regulation
      3. Psychological Therapies
      4. Summary
      5. Further Reading
  15. References
  16. Author Index
  17. Subject Index