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Understanding Arabs, Fifth Edition: A Contemporary Guide to Arab Society

Book Description

“Never in modern history have more eyes been focused on the Middle East. As the Arab Spring unfolds across countries and continents, governments are being overturned in unprecedented abundance, with far-reaching ramifications for the rest of the globe. At no time has a solid understanding of Arab culture, history, and practices been more important.UNDERSTANDING ARABS, 5th Edition: A Contemporary Guide to Arab Society is the completely revised and updated new edition of Dr. Margaret Nydell’s seminal work. For twenty years, UNDERSTANDING ARABS has earned a reputation as the resource on Arabic culture among top diplomats, scholars, and business people.”

Table of Contents

  1. Cover Page
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Contents
  5. A Message from the Author
    1. The Arab Spring
    2. Terrorism
    3. Looking to the Future
  6. Map of the Arab World
  7. Preface
  8. Introduction: Patterns of Change
    1. Modernization
    2. The Arab Human Development Reports
    3. The Effects of Change
    4. The Muslim View
    5. Islamic Education
    6. Facing the Future
  9. Chapter 1 Beliefs and Values
    1. Basic Arab Values and Attitudes
    2. Basic Arab Self-Perceptions
  10. Chapter 2 Friends and Strangers
    1. The Concept of Friendship
    2. Reciprocal Favors
    3. Introductions
    4. Visiting Patterns
    5. Business Friendships
    6. Office Relations
    7. Criticism
    8. Intermediaries
    9. Private and Public Manners
  11. Chapter 3 Emotion and Logic
    1. Objectivity and Subjectivity
    2. Fatalism
    3. What Is Reality?
    4. The Human Dimension
    5. Persuasion
  12. Chapter 4 Getting Personal
    1. Personal Questions
    2. Sensitive Subjects
    3. Social Distance
    4. Gestures
    5. Names
  13. Chapter 5 Men and Women
    1. Social Interaction
    2. Displaying Intimacy
    3. The Status of Women
    4. Women’s Right to Vote
    5. Women in Government Positions
    6. Women’s Power in the Family
    7. The Headscarf and the Veil
    8. Polygamy
    9. Traditional Gender Roles
    10. Western Women
    11. Looking Toward the Future
  14. Chapter 6 Social Formalities and Etiquette
    1. Hospitality
    2. Time and Appointments
    3. Discussing Business
    4. Sharing Meals
    5. Smoking
    6. Rules of Etiquette
  15. Chapter 7 The Social Structure
    1. Social Classes
    2. Image and Upper-Class Behavior
    3. Dealing with Service People
  16. Chapter 8 The Role of the Family
    1. Family Loyalty and Obligations
    2. Relations Among Family Members
    3. Marriage
    4. Divorce
    5. Child-Rearing Practices
    6. Talking About Your Family
  17. Chapter 9 Religion and Society
    1. Religious Affiliation
    2. Religious Practices
    3. The Religion of Islam
    4. Sunni and Shia
    5. The Sharia, Islamic Law
    6. The Qur’an and the Bible
    7. Passages from the Qur’an
  18. Chapter 10 Communicating with Arabs
    1. Varieties of Arabic
    2. The Superiority of Arabic
    3. The Prestige of Classical Arabic
    4. Eloquence of Speech
    5. Speech Mannerisms
    6. Pleasant and Indirect Responses
    7. The Power of Words
    8. Euphemisms
    9. The Written Word
    10. Proverbs
  19. Chapter 11 Islamic Fundamentalism (Islamism)
    1. Definitions and Numbers
    2. Jihad
    3. Islamists and Muslim Society
    4. Mainstream Muslims
  20. Chapter 12 Anti-Americanism
    1. Reasons for Arab Anger
      1. Arab/Muslim and Some Western Views
      2. Some American Views
        1. They Hate Our Freedom, Values, Way of Life
        2. They Hate Our Success
        3. They Don’t Know Enough About Us
        4. Anti-Americanism Is an Excuse
        5. We Share a Long History of Hatred
    2. Arab/Muslim Views on American Culture
    3. Views on Western-Style Democracy
    4. Islam
      1. Anti-Islam Comments
      2. Defense-of-Islam Comments
  21. Chapter 13 Arabs and Muslims in the West
    1. Arabs in the United States
    2. Muslims in the United States and Canada
    3. Muslims in Europe
    4. The Image of Arabs and Muslims
      1. In America
      2. In Europe
    5. The Future of Islam in the West
  22. Chapter 14 The Arab Countries, Similarities and Differences: The Arab Countries in Africa
    1. The Maghrib
      1. Morocco
      2. Algeria
      3. Tunisia
      4. Libya
    2. The Nile Valley
      1. Egypt
      2. Sudan
  23. Chapter 15 The Arab Countries in the Center
    1. The Levant
      1. Lebanon
      2. Syria
      3. Palestinian Territories
      4. Jordan
      5. Iraq
  24. Chapter 16 The Arab Countries in the Arabian Peninsula
    1. Saudi Arabia
    2. Yemen
    3. The Arabian Gulf States (Persian Gulf)
      1. Kuwait
      2. Bahrain
      3. Qatar
      4. The United Arab Emirates (UAE)
      5. Oman
  25. Conclusion
  26. Appendix The Arabic Language
    1. Colloquial Arabic Dialects
      1. Attitudes Toward Dialects
    2. The Structure of Arabic
    3. Transcription
    4. Arabic Writing
    5. Calligraphy As an Art Form
    6. Social Greetings
  27. Notes
  28. Bibliography
  29. Index
  30. About the Author
  31. Footnotes
    1. A Message from the Author
      1. *
    2. Preface
      1. §
      2. **
      3. ††
      4. ‡‡
    3. Introduction: Patterns of Change
      1. §§
      2. ¶¶
    4. Chapter 1
      1. *
    5. Chapter 2
      1. *
    6. Chapter 3
      1. *
    7. Chapter 4
      1. *
    8. Chapter 5
      1. *
      2. §
    9. Chapter 8
      1. *
    10. Chapter 9
      1. *
      2. §
      3. **
      4. ††
    11. Chapter 10
      1. *
      2. §
    12. Chapter 11
      1. *
      2. §
      3. **
      4. ††
      5. ‡‡
    13. Chapter 12
      1. *
      2. §
      3. **
      4. ††
      5. ‡‡
    14. Chapter 13
      1. *
      2. §
      3. **
    15. Chapter 14
      1. *
    16. Chapter 15
      1. *
      2. §
      3. **
      4. ††
    17. Chapter 16
      1. *
    18. Chapter 17
      1. *