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Ubuntu: Up and Running

Book Description

Ubuntu is perfect for people with little technical background: it's easier to install and use than most Linux distributions, and has a strong focus on security. With Ubuntu:Up and Running, you'll get everything you need to know to become a power user of Ubuntu 10.04 and above. This book takes you beyond the programs that appear the first time you boot up. You'll also learn about lots of great software available for Linux systems, including where to get it and how to install it.

Table of Contents

  1. Dedication
  2. Special Upgrade Offer
  3. Foreword
  4. Preface
    1. Audience
    2. Assumptions This Book Makes
    3. Organization of This Book
    4. Supporting Books
    5. Conventions Used in This Book
    6. Using Code Examples
    7. How to Contact Us
    8. Safari® Books Online
    9. Acknowledgments
  5. 1. About Ubuntu
    1. Why Ubuntu?
    2. The Parts That Make Up Ubuntu
      1. Debian
      2. GNU
      3. The Linux Kernel
      4. Tux
      5. Linux Distributions
      6. Ubuntu Versions
      7. X Window System
      8. Linux Desktop Environments
        1. GNOME
        2. KDE
        3. Xfce
      9. Linux Packages
      10. The Ubuntu Community
      11. Ubuntu Versions
      12. Things You See
      13. Things You Don’t See
    3. Summary
  6. 2. Installing and Upgrading Ubuntu
    1. The Live DVD
      1. The Main Menu
      2. The Function Key Options
    2. Starting the Live DVD
    3. Alternative Editions
      1. About the MD5 Hashes
      2. Downloading a Distribution
    4. Burning a CD or DVD
      1. Using Active ISO Burner for Windows
      2. Burning an ISO Image Using OS X
      3. Burning an ISO Image Using Ubuntu
      4. Burning to a Thumb Drive
    5. Virtual Installation
      1. Microsoft Virtual PC
      2. VMware
      3. Sun VirtualBox
        1. Getting started
        2. Creating a virtual machine
        3. Running a virtual machine
      4. Other Virtualizers
    6. Full Installation
      1. Installing Ubuntu Under Windows
        1. Performing the installation
        2. Important considerations
      2. Installing Ubuntu As a Standalone OS
        1. Sharing the hard disk
        2. Using the entire hard disk
        3. Entering your user details
        4. After rebooting
        5. Dual- and multi-boot setups
        6. Recovery mode
        7. Memory testing
      3. What’s New in 10.04
    7. Upgrading to New Releases
      1. Installing from CD
      2. Upgrading an Existing Installation
        1. Upgrade availability
        2. Skipping versions
      3. What’s New in 10.04
    8. Summary
  7. 3. Configuring
    1. Keyboard
      1. General
      2. Layouts
      3. Accessibility
      4. Mouse Keys
      5. Typing Break
      6. Keyboard Shortcuts
    2. Mouse
      1. General
      2. Accessibility
    3. Graphics
      1. Display Preferences
        1. Sun VirtualBox
    4. Sound
      1. Sound Effects
      2. Hardware
      3. Input
      4. Output
      5. Applications
    5. PulseAudio
    6. Basic Networking
      1. Wired Connections
        1. Installing suitable drivers
      2. Wireless Connections
      3. Using an Ethernet Bridge
    7. Printing
      1. Finding Unreported Printers
      2. Other Printers
    8. TV Tuners
      1. Restarting and Setup
      2. Capture Cards
      3. Video Sources
      4. Input Connections
      5. Running MythTV
    9. Webcams
    10. USB Media
      1. What’s New in 10.04
    11. Summary
  8. 4. The Desktop: Accessing Applications and Features
    1. Logging In
      1. Language
      2. Keyboard
      3. Sessions
      4. Accessibility
    2. Desktop Layout
      1. The Applications Menu
      2. The Places Menu
        1. The Home Folder group
        2. The Storage Devices group
        3. The Network group
        4. The Search for Files… and Recent Documents groups
      3. The System Menu
        1. Preferences
        2. Administration
        3. The bottom three menu entries
      4. The Top-Left Icons
      5. The Quit Button
        1. Set Status
        2. Lock Screen
        3. Guest Session
        4. Switch User…
        5. Log Out…
        6. Suspend
        7. Hibernate
        8. Restart
        9. Shutdown
        10. What’s new in 10.04
      6. The Remaining Top-Right Icons
        1. The date and time
        2. New mail
        3. Sound volume
        4. Bluetooth
        5. Network connection
      7. The Bottom-Right Icons
        1. The Trash
        2. The workspace switcher
      8. The Bottom Panel
        1. Show desktop
    3. Personalization
      1. Appearance
        1. Theme
        2. Background
        3. Fonts
        4. Interface
        5. What’s new in 10.04
        6. Visual effects
      2. Managing Panels
        1. Adding an item to a panel
        2. Removing an item from a panel
        3. Moving an item within a panel
        4. Changing a launcher’s icon
        5. Adding a drawer
        6. Changing a drawer’s icon
        7. Adding a menu to a panel
        8. Hiding a panel
        9. Other panel properties
      3. Editing Menus
        1. Changing menu entry icons
        2. Moving and deleting entries
        3. Adding new menus and items
    4. The Desktop Itself
      1. Creating Folders, Launchers, and Files
      2. Managing Desktop Icons
    5. Adding New Users
    6. What’s New in 10.04
    7. Summary
  9. 5. The Filesystem, File Attributes, and Permissions
    1. The Directory Tree
    2. Case Sensitivity and Special Characters
    3. Mounting Media
      1. Drive Mounting
      2. Mounting ISO Files
      3. Mounting Network Folders
      4. Unmounting
    4. Hidden Files and Folders
    5. Symbolic Links
    6. File Extensions
    7. File Permissions
    8. Users and Groups
      1. Managing Users
      2. Managing Groups
    9. Other File Attributes
    10. The Trash
    11. Summary
  10. 6. The Nautilus File Browser
    1. Opening Files and Folders
    2. Dragging and Dropping
    3. Copying Files and Folders
      1. Copying with External Media
    4. Selecting Files and Folders
      1. Lassoing Items
      2. Individually Selecting Items
      3. Selecting Items in Sequence
      4. Selecting All Items
      5. Moving or Deleting with Selections
      6. Opening Multiple Items
        1. Opening multiple folders
      7. Using Tabs
      8. Deselecting
    5. Zooming In and Out
    6. The File Browser Menus
      1. File Menu
      2. Edit Menu
        1. Backgrounds and Emblems…
    7. Other Features of the File Manager
    8. Preferences
      1. Edit <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" xmlns:m="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:pls="http://www.w3.org/2005/01/pronunciation-lexicon" xmlns:ssml="http://www.w3.org/2001/10/synthesis" xmlns:svg="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" class="unicode">&#8594;</span> Preferences Preferences <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" xmlns:m="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:pls="http://www.w3.org/2005/01/pronunciation-lexicon" xmlns:ssml="http://www.w3.org/2001/10/synthesis" xmlns:svg="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" class="unicode">&#8594;</span> Views Views
      2. Edit <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" xmlns:m="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:pls="http://www.w3.org/2005/01/pronunciation-lexicon" xmlns:ssml="http://www.w3.org/2001/10/synthesis" xmlns:svg="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" class="unicode">&#8594;</span> Preferences Preferences <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" xmlns:m="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:pls="http://www.w3.org/2005/01/pronunciation-lexicon" xmlns:ssml="http://www.w3.org/2001/10/synthesis" xmlns:svg="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" class="unicode">&#8594;</span> Behavior Behavior
      3. Edit <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" xmlns:m="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:pls="http://www.w3.org/2005/01/pronunciation-lexicon" xmlns:ssml="http://www.w3.org/2001/10/synthesis" xmlns:svg="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" class="unicode">&#8594;</span> Preferences Preferences <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" xmlns:m="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:pls="http://www.w3.org/2005/01/pronunciation-lexicon" xmlns:ssml="http://www.w3.org/2001/10/synthesis" xmlns:svg="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" class="unicode">&#8594;</span> Display Display
      4. Edit <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" xmlns:m="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:pls="http://www.w3.org/2005/01/pronunciation-lexicon" xmlns:ssml="http://www.w3.org/2001/10/synthesis" xmlns:svg="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" class="unicode">&#8594;</span> Preferences Preferences <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" xmlns:m="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:pls="http://www.w3.org/2005/01/pronunciation-lexicon" xmlns:ssml="http://www.w3.org/2001/10/synthesis" xmlns:svg="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" class="unicode">&#8594;</span> List Columns List Columns
      5. Edit <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" xmlns:m="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:pls="http://www.w3.org/2005/01/pronunciation-lexicon" xmlns:ssml="http://www.w3.org/2001/10/synthesis" xmlns:svg="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" class="unicode">&#8594;</span> Preferences Preferences <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" xmlns:m="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:pls="http://www.w3.org/2005/01/pronunciation-lexicon" xmlns:ssml="http://www.w3.org/2001/10/synthesis" xmlns:svg="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" class="unicode">&#8594;</span> Preview Preview
      6. Edit <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" xmlns:m="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:pls="http://www.w3.org/2005/01/pronunciation-lexicon" xmlns:ssml="http://www.w3.org/2001/10/synthesis" xmlns:svg="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" class="unicode">&#8594;</span> Preferences Preferences <span xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops" xmlns:m="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:pls="http://www.w3.org/2005/01/pronunciation-lexicon" xmlns:ssml="http://www.w3.org/2001/10/synthesis" xmlns:svg="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" class="unicode">&#8594;</span> Media Media
        1. Media Handling
        2. Other Media
    9. The View Menu
    10. The Go Menu
    11. The Bookmarks Menu
    12. The Tabs Menu
    13. Help
    14. Context Menus
    15. Template Files
    16. The Toolbars
      1. The Main Toolbar
      2. The Location Bar
    17. Configuration Editor
    18. What’s New in 10.04
    19. Summary
  11. 7. The Command Line
    1. The Terminal
    2. Bash
    3. The Command-Line Editor
    4. Bash Commands
      1. The cd, pwd, and ls Commands
      2. The cp and mkdir Commands
      3. The mv Command
        1. Renaming items
        2. Moving items
      4. The diff Command
      5. The find Command
        1. What’s new in 10.04
      6. The cat and more Commands
      7. The grep Command
      8. The rm and rmdir Commands
      9. The wc Command
    5. Using man
    6. Absolute and Relative Paths
    7. Using Quotation Marks
    8. The PATH Environment Variable
      1. Using the . Operator
    9. Other Environment Variables
    10. Alternative Shells
    11. Using Nano to Edit Files
    12. Shell Scripts
    13. Using Backticks
    14. Using Pipes
    15. Using Redirection
      1. Redirecting Output
      2. Redirecting Input
      3. The Difference Between Pipes and Redirections
      4. Appending to Files
    16. Standard Input, Output, and Error
      1. Streams and Handles
      2. Redirecting One Stream to Another
      3. The tee Command
    17. Wildcards, Sets, and Brace Expansion
      1. Using Sets and Ranges
      2. Using Brace Expansion
    18. Using Aliases
    19. File Compression
      1. Extracting Files
    20. File and Folder Permissions
      1. The Owner, Group, and World Attributes
      2. Using chmod
      3. Using chown
      4. Using chgrp
    21. Using sudo
      1. Logging in As root
    22. System Processes
      1. Killing and Restarting Processes from the Command Line
    23. Summary
  12. 8. Installing and Removing Software
    1. The Ubuntu Software Center
      1. Installing a Program
      2. Removing a Program
      3. Advanced Features
      4. The Ubuntu Software Tab
        1. Canonical-supported and community-maintained software
        2. Proprietary drivers
        3. Software restricted by copyright
        4. Source code
        5. Download from
      5. The Other Software Tab
      6. The Updates Tab
        1. Ubuntu updates
        2. Automatic updates
        3. Release upgrade
      7. The Authentication Tab
      8. The Statistics Tab
      9. The View Menu
      10. The Remaining Menus
    2. The Synaptic Package Manager
      1. Installing a Program
        1. Marking a program for installation
        2. Activating the installation process
      2. Using Search to Install a Program
      3. Removing a Program
      4. Other Synaptic Options
    3. Synaptic’s Menus
      1. The File Menu
      2. The Edit Menu
      3. The Package Menu
      4. The Settings Menu
      5. The Help Menu
    4. Using Aptitude
    5. Using apt-get
      1. Updating the package index
        1. Upgrading packages
        2. Searching for packages
        3. Installing a package
        4. Removing a package
        5. Getting help
    6. Summary
  13. 9. System Maintenance and Security
    1. System Maintenance
      1. Preferences
        1. Power Management
          1. The On AC Power tab
          2. The On Battery Power tab
          3. The General tab
        2. Preferred Applications
          1. The Internet tab
          2. The Multimedia tab
          3. The System tab
          4. The Accessibility tab
        3. Startup Applications
          1. Remember current applications
        4. Windows
          1. Window Selection
          2. Titlebar Action
          3. Movement Key
      2. Administration
        1. Computer Janitor
        2. Login Screen
        3. Creating a password-free system
        4. System Monitor
          1. The System tab
          2. The Processes tab
          3. The Resources tab
          4. The File Systems tab
          5. The menus
        5. System Testing
    2. Alpha and Beta Releases
    3. System Security
      1. Passwords
      2. Root Access
      3. Physical Access
      4. Firewall
      5. Use Reliable Sources
      6. Don’t Use Untrusted Commands
      7. Updating
      8. Viruses and Malware
      9. Browsers and Email Clients
      10. Wine
    4. Summary
  14. 10. Networking Ubuntu
    1. Remote Desktop
      1. Enabling the VNC Server
        1. The remaining options
      2. Connecting to the VNC Server
        1. Using Ubuntu
          1. The View menu
          2. Fullscreen mode
        2. Using Windows
        3. Using Mac OS X
      3. VNC Desktop Resolutions
      4. Using VNC over the Internet
    2. Controlling Multiple Local Computers
    3. Using Shared Folders
      1. Sharing Your Folders
        1. Sharing folders on other operating systems
    4. Using Keyrings
      1. Managing Your Keyring
    5. Summary
  15. 11. The Internet
    1. Web Browsing
      1. The Menus
      2. The Bookmarks Toolbar
      3. Tabs and Windows
      4. Searching
      5. Other Browsers
    2. Email
    3. Instant Messaging
      1. Using Pidgin
        1. Adding buddies
    4. Internet Telephony
    5. Peer-to-Peer File Sharing
    6. Telnet and SSH
    7. Ubuntu One
      1. Joining and Logging In
      2. Using Ubuntu One
    8. Summary
  16. 12. Using OpenOffice.org
    1. Preparing the Example Files
    2. Writer
      1. The Standard Toolbar
      2. The Formatting Toolbar
      3. Using Styles
      4. About Word Completion
    3. Calc
      1. The Standard Toolbar
      2. The Formatting Toolbar
        1. Viewing and setting data types
    4. Impress
      1. The Standard Toolbar
      2. The Line and Filling Toolbar
      3. The Slides Frame
      4. The Workspace Frame
      5. The Tasks Frame
      6. The Drawing Toolbar
      7. The Master Slide
    5. Draw
    6. Base
    7. Math
    8. Built-in Help
    9. Evolution Calendar
    10. What’s New in 10.04?
    11. Summary
  17. 13. Playing Games
    1. Built-in Games
    2. PlayDeb
    3. Other Linux Games
    4. PlayOnLinux
    5. KDE Games
    6. Browser-Based Games
    7. Ubuntu Easter Eggs
      1. The Ubuntu Fish
    8. OpenOffice.org StarWars
    9. Aptitude Silliness
    10. What’s New in 10.04
    11. Summary
  18. 14. Pictures, Sound, and Video
    1. Movie Player
      1. Adding Plug-ins
    2. VLC Media Player
    3. Rhythmbox Music Player
      1. Importing Tracks
      2. Playing Music
      3. Last.fm
      4. What’s New in 10.04
    4. The GIMP Image Editor
      1. Learning How to Use It
      2. What’s New in 10.04?
    5. F-Spot Photo Manager
    6. Audacity Audio Editor
    7. Rosegarden
    8. PiTiVi Video Editor
      1. What’s New in 10.04?
    9. The Take Screenshot Program
    10. Summary
  19. 15. Other Ubuntu Distributions
    1. Installation
      1. Installing Distributions Alongside Ubuntu
        1. Adding Kubuntu
        2. Adding Xubuntu
        3. Adding Mythbuntu
        4. Adding Edubuntu
        5. Adding Ubuntu Studio
        6. Adding Ubuntu
    2. Kubuntu
    3. Xubuntu
    4. Mythbuntu
    5. Edubuntu
    6. Ubuntu Netbook Edition
      1. What’s New in 10.04
    7. Ubuntu Server Edition
    8. Ubuntu Studio
    9. Eeebuntu
    10. Even More Distributions
    11. Summary
  20. 16. Using Wine
    1. What Is Wine?
    2. The Benefits of Wine
    3. Wine’s Limitations
    4. Installing Wine
    5. Installing Microsoft Fonts
    6. Configuring Wine
    7. Accessing the Windows C: Drive
    8. Further Information
    9. Summary
  21. Index
  22. About the Author
  23. Colophon
  24. Special Upgrade Offer
  25. Copyright