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Transport Processes and Separation Process Principles (Includes Unit Operations) Fourth Edition by Christie John Geankoplis

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9.4. EQUILIBRIUM MOISTURE CONTENT OF MATERIALS

9.4A. Introduction

As in other transfer processes, such as mass transfer, the process of drying of materials must be approached from the viewpoint of the equilibrium relationships together with the rate relationships. In most of the drying apparatus discussed in Section 9.2, material is dried in contact with an air–water vapor mixture. The equilibrium relationships between the air–water vapor and the solid material will be discussed in this section.

An important variable in the drying of materials is the humidity of the air in contact with a solid of given moisture content. Suppose that a wet solid containing moisture is brought into contact with a stream of air having a constant humidity H and temperature. ...

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