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Transport Processes and Separation Process Principles (Includes Unit Operations) Fourth Edition by Christie John Geankoplis

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9.2. EQUIPMENT FOR DRYING

9.2A. Tray Dryer

In tray dryers, which are also called shelf, cabinet, or compartment dryers, the material, which may be a lumpy solid or a pasty solid, is spread uniformly on a metal tray to a depth of 10 to 100 mm. Such a typical tray dryer, shown in Fig. 9.2-1, contains removable trays loaded in a cabinet.

Figure 9.2-1. Tray or shelf dryer.

Steam-heated air is recirculated by a fan over and parallel to the surface of the trays. Electrical heat is also used, especially for low heating loads. About 10 to 20% of the air passing over the trays is fresh air, the remainder being recirculated air.

After drying, the cabinet ...

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