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Transport Processes and Separation Process Principles (Includes Unit Operations) Fourth Edition by Christie John Geankoplis

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7.4. MASS TRANSFER TO SUSPENSIONS OF SMALL PARTICLES

7.4A. Introduction

Mass transfer from or to small suspended particles in an agitated solution occurs in a number of process applications. In liquid-phase hydrogenation, hydrogen diffuses from gas bubbles, through an organic liquid, and then to small suspended catalyst particles. In fermentation, oxygen diffuses from small gas bubbles, through the aqueous medium, and then to small suspended microorganisms.

For a liquid–solid dispersion, increased agitation over and above that necessary to freely suspend very small particles has very little effect on the mass-transfer coefficient kL to the particle (B2). When the particles in a mixing vessel are just completely suspended, turbulence forces balance ...

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