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Transport Processes and Separation Process Principles (Includes Unit Operations) Fourth Edition by Christie John Geankoplis

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7.1. UNSTEADY-STATE DIFFUSION

7.1A. Derivation of Basic Equation

In Chapter 6 we considered various mass-transfer systems where the concentration or partial pressure at any point and the diffusion flux were constant with time, hence at steady state. Before steady state can be reached, time must elapse after the mass-transfer process is initiated for the unsteady-state conditions to disappear.

In Section 2.3 a general property balance for unsteady-state molecular diffusion was made for the properties momentum, heat, and mass. For no generation present, this was

Equation 2.13-12

In Section 5.1 an unsteady-state equation for heat conduction was ...

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