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Transport Processes and Separation Process Principles (Includes Unit Operations) Fourth Edition by Christie John Geankoplis

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1.7. CONSERVATION OF ENERGY AND HEAT BALANCES

1.7A. Conservation of Energy

In making material balances we used the law of conservation of mass, which states that the mass entering is equal to the mass leaving plus the mass left in the process. In a similar manner, we can state the law of conservation of energy, which says that all energy entering a process is equal to that leaving plus that left in the process. In this section elementary heat balances will be made. More elaborate energy balances will be considered in Sections 2.7 and 5.6.

Energy can appear in many forms. Some of the common forms are enthalpy, electrical energy, chemical energy (in terms of ΔH reaction), kinetic energy, potential energy, work, and heat inflow.

In many cases in ...

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