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Towards A Semantic Web

Book Description

This book addresses the question of how knowledge is currently documented, and may soon be documented in the context of what it calls ‘semantic publishing’. This takes two forms: a more narrowly and technically defined ‘semantic web’; as well as a broader notion of semantic publishing. This book examines the ways in which knowledge is represented in journal articles and books. By contrast, it goes on to explore the potential impacts of semantic publishing on academic research and authorship. It sets this in the context of changing knowledge ecologies: the way research is done; the way knowledge is represented and; the modes of knowledge access used by researchers, students and the general public.

  • Provides an introduction to the ‘semantic web’ and semantic publishing for readers outside the field of computer science
  • Discusses the relevance of the ‘semantic web’ and semantic publishing more broadly, and its application to academic research
  • Examines the changing ecologies of knowledge production

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. List of figures and tables Figures
  6. Authors
  7. Chapter 1: Changing knowledge systems in the era of the social web
    1. From print to digital text
    2. Distributed knowledge systems: the changing role of the university
    3. About this book
  8. Chapter 2: Frameworks for knowledge representation
    1. Putting things in order
    2. Introducing the semantic web
    3. Towards a framing of semantics
  9. Chapter 3: The meaning of meaning: alternative disciplinary perspectives
    1. Linguistic semantics
    2. Cognitive semantics
    3. Social semantics
    4. Computational semantics
  10. Chapter 4: What does the digital do to knowledge making?
    1. The work of knowledge representation in the age of its digital reproducibility
    2. The old and the new in the representation of meaning in the era of its digital reproduction
    3. The hyperbole of the virtual
    4. The hype in hypertext
    5. The mechanics of rendering
    6. A new navigational order
    7. Multimodality
    8. The ubiquity of recording and documentation
    9. A shift in the balance of representational agency
    10. A new dynamics of difference
    11. Conclusions
  11. Chapter 5: Books and journal articles: the textual practices of academic knowledge
    1. The role of knowledge representation in knowledge design
    2. The scholarly monograph
    3. The academic journal
    4. Future knowledge systems
    5. Conclusions
  12. Chapter 6: Textual representations and knowledge support-systems in research intensive networks
    1. Introduction
    2. Towards an ontology of knowledge
    3. The theory of hierarchically complex systems
    4. Research knowledge and the dynamics of hierarchically complex systems
    5. Implications for managing research enterprises in a knowledge society
    6. Public knowledge and the notion of a public knowledge space
    7. Public knowledge and contextual information management practices
    8. Public knowledge and the role of knowledge brokering
    9. Conclusions
    10. Appendix: a preliminary ontology for research knowledge support;
  13. Chapter 7: An historical introduction to formal knowledge systems
    1. Pre-modernity: logical lineages
    2. Early modernity: the mechanisation of thought
    3. Crises in modernity: the order of logic and the chaos of history
  14. Chapter 8: Contemporary dilemmas: tables versus webs
    1. Ordering the world by relations
    2. Early threads of the semantic web
    3. Shifting trends or status quo?
    4. Systems of knowledge: modern and postmodern
    5. Knowledge systems in social context
  15. Chapter 9: Upper-level ontologies
    1. A survey of upper-level ontologies
    2. A dialogical account of ontology engineering
    3. Conclusions: assessing commensurability
    4. Appendix: upper-level ontologies— supplementary data
  16. Chapter 10: Describing knowledge domains: a case study of biological ontologies
    1. Biological ontologies
    2. Biological cultures, ontological cultures
    3. Ontological objects
    4. Towards compromise: ontologies in practice
  17. Chapter 11: On commensurability
    1. A world of ‘material intangibles’: social structures, conceptual schemes and cultural perspectives
    2. De-structuring critiques: struggling with systems, structures and schemes
    3. Interlude: constructions of science
    4. Elastic structures: linking the linguistic, the cognitive and the social
    5. Towards a framework…
  18. Chapter 12: A framework for commensurability
    1. What to measure—describing ‘ontological cultures’
    2. Presenting a framework for commensurability
    3. Applying the framework
  19. Chapter 13: Creating an interlanguage of the social web
    1. The discursive practice of markup
    2. Structural markup
    3. Metamarkup: developing markup frameworks
    4. Developing an interlanguage mechanism
    5. Schema alignment for semantic publishing: the example of Common Ground Markup Language
    6. What tagging schemas do
    7. Interlanguage
  20. Chapter 14: Interoperability and the exchange of humanly usable digital content
    1. Introduction
    2. The transformation of digital content
    3. The XML-based interlanguage approach: two examples
    4. The ontology-based interlanguage approach: OntoMerge
    5. Evaluating approaches to interoperability
    6. Addressing the translation problem: emergent possibilities
    7. Conclusions
    8. Acknowledgements
  21. Chapter 15: Framing a new agenda for semantic publishing
    1. The academic language game
    2. Disciplinarity, or the reason why strategically unnatural language is sometimes powerfully perceptive
    3. Experiential knowledge processes
    4. Conceptual knowledge processes
    5. Analytical knowledge processes
    6. Applied knowledge processes
    7. Towards a new agenda for semantic publishing
  22. Index