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Top 10 Tokyo by Stephen Mansfield

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PHRASE BOOK

Guidelines for Pronunciation

When reading the romanization, give the same emphasis to all syllables. The practice in English of giving one syllable greater stress may render a Japanese word incomprehensible.

Pronounce vowels as in these English words

a as the “u” in “cup”

e as in “red”

i as in “chief”

o as in “solid”

u as the “oo” in “cuckoo”

When two vowels are used together, give each letter an individual sound

ai as in “pine”

ae as if written “ah-eh”

ei as in “pay”

Consonants are pronounced as in English. The letter g is always hard as in “gate,” and j is always soft as in “joke.”R is pronounced something between r and l. F is sometimes pronounced as h. “Si” always becomes “shi,” but some people pronounce “shi” as “hi.”V in Western words (e.g., ...

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