Before the arrival of Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, Singapore was a small fishing village surrounded by jungle. In time, the jungle gave way to building programs to house the local, and eventually colonial, government. The hill overlooking the district was cleared and a governor’s residence built on top, with botanical gardens. In the 1800s, the district expanded. Many existing buildings date from this era. The oldest place in the city is Fort Canning, a hilltop park. Here a grave is tended, believed to be that of Iskandar Shah, who settled in Singapore before Raffles but moved on to found Melaka in Malaysia.