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TopTen

The Castle District and North Buda

A UNESCO World Heritage site, the medieval town of Buda grew up around a castle built by King Béla IV in the 13th century. The castle was erected on a hill that rises 170 m (558 ft) above the Danube, to protect it from invading hordes. However, it wasn’t enough to repel the Turks, who ravaged and then neglected Buda in the 16th century. It was the Habsburgs who finally restored and embellished the town in the 19th century, in the glorious, Imperial style we see today. North of the castle is Víziváros (Water Town), an area first inhabited by people too poor to live on Castle Hill. Forever fighting back flood waters ...

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