O'Reilly logo

TM by Mark Sinclair

Stay ahead with the world's most comprehensive technology and business learning platform.

With Safari, you learn the way you learn best. Get unlimited access to videos, live online training, learning paths, books, tutorials, and more.

Start Free Trial

No credit card required

LONDON UNDERGROUND

Edward Johnston1916

Although Edward Johnston, one of the most important designers and typographers to have worked for London Underground, is usually credited with formalizing the roundel device betweem 1916 and 1919, its design in fact evolved from the red disc and blue bar first used in 1908. Johnston’s refinement of the roundel was, at the time, part of a network-wide effort by publicity officer Frank Pick to unify the look of the transport system; by this point trains had already been rumbling underneath the city for nearly 50 years. That the roundel has remained the cornerstone of the Underground’s visual identity ever since, and continues to adapt to the changing face of London, is testament to the strength of Pick’s vision, ...

With Safari, you learn the way you learn best. Get unlimited access to videos, live online training, learning paths, books, interactive tutorials, and more.

Start Free Trial

No credit card required