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Theories of Team Cognition by Michael P. Letsky, Stephen M. Fiore, Eduardo Salas

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8

Theoretical Underpinning of Interactive Team Cognition

Nancy J. Cooke, Jamie C. Gorman, Christopher Myers and Jasmine Duran

Teams are a special kind of group, one that has members who play heterogeneous but interdependent roles to work toward common objectives (Salas, Dickinson, Converse, & Tannenbaum, 1992). Thus a typing pool of individuals doing the same task, each independently, is a small group that can be contrasted with a surgical team (nurse, surgeon, and anesthesiologist) who each have distinct although interdependent roles. Furthermore, teams increasingly perform cognitive tasks such as planning, decision making, designing, assessing situations, and solving problems. We label this cognitive activity of teams “team cognition.” The ...

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