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Theoretical Foundations and Discussions on the Reformation Process in Local Governments

Book Description

Local government can be defined as a public entity acting as the sub-unit of a state or of a region, charged with the task of enforcing public policies. There have been many reforms of local government in recent years from the grassroots-led movement that took root in the 90’s to the overarching effects of globalization and decentralization. Local governments must adapt their practices in order to most effectively provide for their constituents. Theoretical Foundations and Discussions on the Reformation Process in Local Government addresses the effects of recent reforms in the political-administrative system of local governments and politics as well as future outlooks. It reviews the challenges, innovations, and lessons from local governments while providing theoretical perspectives on methods for positive reform. This book is a critical reference source for policy makers, government organizations, professionals, and actors in both local and international politics.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Book Series
    1. Mission
    2. Coverage
  5. Editorial Advisory Board and List of Reviewers
    1. Editorial Advisory Board
    2. List of Reviewers
  6. Foreword
  7. Preface
    1. THE CHALLENGES
    2. SEARCHING FOR A SOLUTION
    3. ORGANIZATION OF THE BOOK
    4. REFERENCES
  8. Acknowledgment
  9. Chapter 1: Current Discussions on the Question
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. THE EVALUATION OF COMPARATIVE LOCAL GOVERNMENT
    4. THE QUESTION REMARKS AND THE CHALLENGES OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT’S REFORM
    5. SEARCHING FOR HITS FROM THE LITERATURE
    6. CONCLUSION
    7. REFERENCES
  10. Chapter 2: The Normative Base of Local Government
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. MAJOR SYSTEMS OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT IN THE WORLD
    4. BASIC PRINCIPLES OF LOCAL SELF-GOVERNMENT: CONTRIBUTIONS OF
    5. MAIN THEMES OF THE REFORMATION PROCESS
    6. CONCLUDING REMARKS
    7. REFERENCES
    8. ENDNOTES
  11. Chapter 3: Concept and Role of Local Self-Government in the Contemporary State
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. NOTION OF LOCAL SELF-GOVERNMENT
    4. FORMATION OF MODERN LOCAL SELF-GOVERNMENT
    5. LOCAL SELF-GOVERNMENT AND COMMUNITY
    6. LOCAL SELF-GOVERNMENT AS A SUBJECT OF CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
    7. CONSTITUTIONAL STANDING OF LOCAL SELF-GOVERNMENT
    8. REMIT OF THE LOCAL AUTHORITIES AND PROTECTION OF THAT REMIT: GENERAL POWER OF COMPETENCE ENUMERATED POWERS
    9. RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE LOCAL AUTHORITIES
    10. FINANCIAL AUTONOMY
    11. SUPERVISION AND CONTROL ON LOCAL AUTHORITIES
    12. LOCAL DEMOCRACY
    13. LOCAL GOVERNMENT AS A COUNTERBALANCE TO THE CENTRAL GOVERNMENT?
    14. AN ADDITIONAL LAYER OF GOVERNANCE: THE EU
    15. CONCLUDING REMARKS: LOCAL SELF-GOVERNMENT AND CONSTITUTIONALISM
    16. REFERENCES
    17. ENDNOTES
  12. Chapter 4: Cooperation between Local Authorities in Europe as a Force for Strengthening Local Democracy
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. THE BEGINNINGS
    3. THE DEVELOPMENT OF HORIZONTAL COOPERATION
    4. A EUROPEAN MODEL OF LOCAL DEMOCRACY
    5. UNFINISHED WORK AND RECURRING ISSUES
    6. REFERENCES
    7. ADDITIONAL READING
  13. Chapter 5: Democratic Preferences of the Indirectly-Elected Mayor, Open or Locked-In
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. MANY DEMS UND IEMS: STILL PLURALISTIC SETTINGS OF MAYORAL SELECTION IN EUROPE
    4. CONSTRUCTIVE CRITIQUE OF THE “DIFFERENCE HYPOTHESIS”
    5. METHODOLOGY
    6. CONCLUSION AND DISCUSSION
    7. REFERENCES
  14. Chapter 6: Why Municipal Cooperation Matters
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. INTER-MUNICIPAL COOPERATION: RESEARCH PERSPECTIVES
    4. DOES INTER-MUNICIPAL COOPERATION WORK?
    5. CONCLUSION
    6. REFERENCES
  15. Chapter 7: Institutionalizing the Politics-Administration Dichotomy in Local Government
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND: OVERVIEW OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT IN IRELAND
    4. RECENT REFORM INITIATIVES IN LOCAL GOVERNMENT
    5. THE CITY/COUNTY MANAGER: ORIGINS
    6. POLICY RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE ELECTED COUNCIL
    7. OPERATIONAL RESPONSIBILITIES OF CITY/COUNTY MANAGERS
    8. OPERATING THE POLITICS-ADMINISTRATION DICHOTOMY
    9. CONCLUSION: THE FUTURE REFASHIONING OF THE CITY/COUNTY MANAGER AS CHIEF EXECUTIVE
    10. REFERENCES
    11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    12. ENDNOTES
  16. Chapter 8: Australian Local Government Perspectives on Contemporary Structural Reform
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. THEORETICAL FOUNDATIONS OF AUSTRALIAN MUNICIPAL MERGERS
    4. CHARACTERISTICS OF AUSTRALIAN LOCAL GOVERNMENT
    5. MAIN PROBLEMS CONFRONTING AUSTRALIAN LOCAL GOVERNMENT
    6. SCHOLARLY PERSPECTIVES ON MUNICIPAL MERGERS
    7. AUSTRALIAN COUNCIL CONSOLIDATION
    8. IMPACT OF AUSTRALIAN MUNICIPAL MERGER PROGRAMS
    9. AUSTRALIAN AMALGATION IN COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVE
    10. CONCLUSION
    11. REFERENCES
  17. Chapter 9: Contemporary Local Government Reform in New Zealand
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. THE NEW ZEALAND SYSTEM OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT
    4. REFORM
    5. LESSONS FROM THE NZ EXPERIENCE
    6. CONCLUSION
    7. REFERENCES
    8. ENDNOTES
  18. Chapter 10: As You Like It or Much Ado about Nothing?
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. STRUCTURAL REFORM IN LOCAL GOVERNMENT: TRENDS AND APPROACHES
    4. STRUCTURAL REFORM IN LOCAL GOVERNMENT IN BELGIUM
    5. COMPARING STRUCTURAL REFORM POLICY OVER LEGISLATIVE ERAS: THE MORE IT CHANGES?
    6. REFERENCES
    7. ENDNOTES
  19. Chapter 11: Italy
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. THE INSTITUTIONAL SETTING AND THE PRE-1990 BACKGROUND
    4. THE REFORMS IN THE 1990S AND EARLY 2000S: RE-ALLOCATION OF LEGAL POWER AND RE-SHAPING OF THE INSTITUTIONAL SETTING
    5. THE 2008-2014 REFORM PERIOD: THE RE-SCALING
    6. THE LAST REFORM: WHAT HAS CHANGED
    7. NEW PERSPECTIVES
    8. CONCLUSION
    9. REFERENCES
    10. ENDNOTES
  20. Chapter 12: Directly Elected Mayors vs. Council Appointed Mayors – Which Effects on Local Government Systems?
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. THE ITALIAN EXPERIENCE: A DIRECTLY ELECTED MAYOR
    5. THE SPANISH EXPERIENCE: A COUNCIL-APPOINTED MAYOR
    6. CONCLUSION
    7. REFERENCES
  21. Chapter 13: Current Features and Developments of Local Governance in Finland
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND: FINNISH LOCAL GOVERNMENT IN CHANGE
    4. LOCAL DEMOCRACY AND eGOVERNANCE IN RENEWING FINNISH LOCAL GOVERNANCE
    5. CONCLUSION
    6. REFERENCES
    7. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  22. Chapter 14: Changes in the Local Government System and Regional Policy in Poland
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. REFORMS BETWEEN 1989–1999
    4. NEW MODEL OF REGIONAL POLICY BETWEEN 1999–2004
    5. EUROPEANIZATION OF REGIONAL POLICY IN POLAND
    6. 2009–2014: CIVILIZATIONAL PROJECT POLAND 2030
    7. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
    8. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    9. CONCLUSION
    10. REFERENCES
    11. ADDITIONAL READING
    12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  23. Chapter 15: “Imperialism” and “Federalism”
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION: RUSSIAN LOCAL GOVERNMENT REFORM IN A COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVE
    3. BACKGROUND: SUMMARY OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT REFORMS IN RUSSIA AFTER 1990
    4. ‘IMPERIALISM’ AND ‘FEDERALISM’
    5. THE ROLE OF CITIES IN RUSSIA: A CASE STUDY
    6. CITIES: BETWEEN IMPERIALISM AND FEDERALISM
    7. FUTURE RESEARCH
    8. CONCLUSION
    9. REFERENCES
    10. ADDITIONAL READING
    11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  24. Chapter 16: Changing Local Government System in Japan
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. THE HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF THE JAPANESE LOCAL GOVERNMENT SYSTEM
    4. THE BASIC STRUCTURE OF JAPANESE LOCAL GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATIONS
    5. INTERGOVERNMENTAL RELATIONSHIP AND DECENTRALIZATION REFORM IN JAPAN: STILL “UNFINISHED”?
    6. THE BACKGROUND AND DEVELOPMENT OF DECENTRALIZATION
    7. STRUCTURAL REFORM ON LOCAL ADMINISTRATION
    8. LARGE CITY SYSTEM
    9. THE EXPANSION OF RESIDENTIAL AUTONOMY: PARTICIPATION AND DECENTRALIZATION WITHIN LOCAL GOVERNMENT
    10. AGING SOCIETY AND LOCAL REVITALIZATION
    11. CONCLUSION
    12. REFERENCES
    13. ENDNOTE
  25. Chapter 17: Between Legitimation and Decentralisation
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. COMPETING EXPLANATIONS FOR THE OUTCOME OF DECENTRALISATION
    4. BOLIVIA: THE CLASH OF LEGITIMACIES AND THE RISE OF A PLURINATIONAL STATE WITH AUTONOMIES
    5. THE STRUGGLE FOR LEGITIMACY AND THE CLASH OF DECENTRALISATION PROPOSALS
    6. CONCLUSION
    7. REFERENCES
    8. ENDNOTES
  26. Chapter 18: The Curbing of Corruption by Formal and Informal Accountability at the Indonesian Local Governments
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. THE TREND OF ACCOUNTABILITY THEORY
    4. INDONESIAN LOCAL GOVERNMENTS SYSTEM IN BRIEF
    5. FROM STATISTICS ON CORRUPTION TO LEARN THE BEST PRACTICES
    6. CONCLUSION
    7. REFERENCES
  27. Chapter 19: Analysis and Comparison of the Role of Local Governments with Other Policy Actors in Disaster Relief via Social Media
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. SOCIAL MEDIA USE IN DISASTERS AND GOVERNANCE
    4. USE OF ICTS AND SOCIAL MEDIA IN TURKEY
    5. METHODOLOGY
    6. FINDINGS
    7. DISCUSSION
    8. CONCLUSION
    9. REFERENCES
    10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    11. ENDNOTES
  28. Compilation of References
  29. About the Contributors