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The Web Application Hacker's Handbook: Finding and Exploiting Security Flaws, 2nd Edition by Marcus Pinto, Dafydd Stuttard

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Other Tools

In addition to the tools already discussed, you may find countless others useful in a specific situation or to perform a particular task. The remainder of this chapter describes a few other tools you are likely to encounter and use when attacking applications. It should be noted that this is only a brief survey of some tools that the authors have used. It is recommended that you investigate the various tools available for yourself, and choose those which best meet your needs and testing style.

Wikto/Nikto

Nikto is useful for locating default or common third-party content that exists on a web server. It contains a large database of files and directories, including default pages and scripts that ship with web servers, and third-party items such as shopping cart software. The tool essentially works by requesting each item in turn and detecting whether it exists.

The database is updated frequently, meaning that Nikto typically is more effective than any other automated or manual technique for identifying this type of content.

Nikto implements a wide range of configuration options, which can be specified on the command line or via a text-based configuration file. If the application uses a customized “not found” page, you can avoid false positives by using the −404 setting, which enables you to specify a string that appears in the custom error page.

Wikto is a Windows version of Nikto that has some additional features, such as enhanced detection of custom “not-found” responses ...

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