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The Visual Dictionary of Photography

Book Description

The Visual Dictionary of Photography is a guide to the many and varied terms used within photography, from Abstract to the Zone System, Acutance to Zoom Lens. The dictionary provides clear definitions of key terms and concepts, backed up by hundreds of illustrative examples. Covering practical terms, it deals with the terminology of both digital and traditional photography. This book is an invaluable resource for anyone interested in photography, lens-based media and related visual arts. It serves not only to explain terms and words but also act as a source of inspiration, encouraging exploration through understanding.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title page
  3. Copyright
  4. How to get the most out of this book
  5. Introduction
  6. Contents
  7. The Dictionary
  8. A
    1. Abstract
    2. Acutance
    3. Adams, Ansel
    4. Additive Colour
    5. Aerial Perspective
    6. Albumen Print
    7. Aliasing and Anti-aliasing
    8. Alternative Processes
    9. Angle of View
    10. Aperture
    11. Aperture Priority
    12. Arbus, Diane
    13. Archival
    14. Artefacts
    15. Aspect Ratio
    16. Atget, Eugene
    17. Auto Exposure
    18. Autofocus
    19. Available Light
  9. B
    1. Backlighting
    2. Barnack, Oskar
    3. Barn Doors
    4. Bellows
    5. Bokeh
    6. Bracketing
    7. Broad and Short Lighting
    8. Bulb
    9. Butterfly Lighting
  10. C
    1. Calibration
    2. Calotype
    3. Camera
    4. Camera Shake
    5. Cameron, Julia Margaret
    6. Cartier-Bresson, Henri
    7. Catchlight
    8. Characteristic Curve
    9. Chromatic Aberration
    10. Chromogenic Film
    11. Circle of Confusion
    12. Clipping
    13. Collodion Process
    14. Colorimeter
    15. Colour and the Colour Wheel
    16. Colour Cast
    17. Colour Conversion Filters
    18. Colour Correction Filters
    19. Colour Filter Array
    20. Colour Management
    21. Colour Models
    22. Colour Negative Film
    23. Colour Reversal Film
    24. Colour Space
    25. Colour Temperature
    26. Complementary Colour
    27. Composition
    28. Contact Print
    29. Contact Sheet
    30. Contrast
    31. Cool Colours
    32. Cropping
    33. Cross Processing
    34. Cyanotype
  11. D
    1. Daguerreotype
    2. Darkcloth
    3. Darkroom
    4. Daylight
    5. Depth of Field
    6. Depth-of-Field Preview
    7. Developer
    8. Developing Tank
    9. Diffraction Effect
    10. Diffuse Lighting
    11. Digital Photography
    12. Distortion
    13. Dodging and Burning
    14. Double Dark Slide
    15. Double Exposure
    16. DPI and PPI
    17. Duotone
    18. Dye Destruction
    19. Dye Sublimation
    20. Dynamic Range
  12. E
    1. Eastman, George
    2. Edgerton, Harold Eugene
    3. Eggleston, William
    4. Electromagnetic Spectrum
    5. Enlargement
    6. Evans, Walker
    7. EXIF Data
    8. Exposure
    9. Exposure Compensation
    10. EV (Exposure Value)
    11. Extension Tubes
  13. F
    1. Fenton, Roger
    2. Fill Light
    3. Film
    4. Filter
    5. Fisheye Lens
    6. Fixer
    7. Flare
    8. Flash
    9. Fluorescent Lighting
    10. f-number
    11. Focal Length
    12. Focal Plane
    13. Focal-plane Shutter
    14. Focus
    15. Format
    16. Frank, Robert
    17. Friedlander, Lee
    18. Frith, Francis
    19. Front Lighting
  14. G
    1. Gicleé
    2. Gobo
    3. Graduated Filter
    4. Grain
    5. Ground Glass Screen
  15. H
    1. High Dynamic Range (HDR)
    2. Highlight
    3. Histogram
    4. Hockney, David
    5. Hyperfocal Distance
  16. I
    1. Infrared Photography
    2. Inkjet
    3. Inverse Square Law
    4. ISO Speed
  17. J
    1. JPEG
  18. K
    1. Kelvin
    2. Key
    3. Key Light
  19. L
    1. Land, Edwin H
    2. Landscape Format
    3. Lange, Dorothea
    4. Leaf Shutter
    5. Lens
    6. Lens Hood
    7. Light Meter
  20. M
    1. Macro Photography
    2. Maddox, Dr Richard Leach
    3. Man Ray
    4. Maxwell, James Clerk
    5. Metadata
    6. Metamerism
    7. Microlenses
    8. Mired
    9. Moiré Pattern
    10. Monochrome
    11. Monopod
    12. Movement
    13. Muybridge, Eadweard J
  21. N
    1. Negative/Positive
    2. Neutral Density (ND) Filter
    3. Newton’s Rings
    4. Niépce, Joseph Nicéphore
    5. Noise
    6. Northlight
  22. P
    1. Pack Shot
    2. Painting with Light
    3. Palladium/Platinum Print
    4. Panning
    5. Panorama
    6. Panoramic Camera
    7. Parallax
    8. Perspective
    9. Photogram
    10. Photography
    11. Photojournalism
    12. Photomicrography
    13. Photoshop
    14. Pictorialism
    15. Pinhole Photography
    16. Pixel/Pixellation
    17. Point-source Lighting
    18. Polarising Filter
    19. Portrait Format
    20. Prime Lens
    21. Push/Pull Processing
  23. R
    1. Rangefinder Camera
    2. Raw Format
    3. Reciprocity
    4. Reciprocity Failure
    5. Red Eye
    6. Reflector
    7. Rejlander, Oscar Gustave
    8. Rembrandt Lighting
    9. Rendering Intent
    10. Rim Lighting
    11. Ring Flash
    12. Roll Film
    13. Rule of Thirds
  24. S
    1. Sabattier Effect
    2. Safelight
    3. Saturation
    4. Scheimpflug Principle
    5. Selenium Tone
    6. Sensor
    7. Sepia Tone
    8. Shadow
    9. Sharpening
    10. Sheet Film
    11. Sherman, Cindy
    12. Shutter
    13. Shutter Priority
    14. Shutter Speed
    15. Side Lighting
    16. Silhouette
    17. Silver Gelatin
    18. Silver Halide
    19. Single Lens Reflex (SLR)
    20. Snoot
    21. Soft Box
    22. Soft Focus
    23. Spherical Aberration
    24. Split Tone
    25. Spot Meter
    26. Standard Lens
    27. Stieglitz, Alfred
    28. Stitching
    29. Stop
    30. Strand, Paul
    31. Subtractive Colour
    32. Supplementary Lens
  25. T
    1. Tele-Converter
    2. Telephoto Lens
    3. Texture
    4. Three-quarter Lighting
    5. Thumbnail
    6. TIFF
    7. Time Exposure
    8. Tint
    9. Tone
    10. Tone Mapping
    11. Toning
    12. Tripod
    13. Tungsten
    14. Twin Lens Reflex (TLR)
  26. U
    1. Ultraviolet (UV) Filter
    2. Umbrella
    3. Unsharp Masking
  27. V
    1. Variable Contrast
    2. View Camera
    3. Viewfinder Camera
    4. Viewpoint
    5. Vignetting
  28. W
    1. Warm Colours
    2. White Balance
    3. Wide-angle Lens
    4. Workflow
    5. Wratten Filter System
  29. Z
    1. Zone System
    2. Zoom Lens
  30. The Details
  31. The Timeline
  32. Conclusion
  33. Acknowledgements
  34. Picture Credits
  35. Back cover