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The Telecommunications Handbook: Engineering Guidelines for Fixed, Mobile and Satellite Systems

Book Description

This practical handbook and reference provides a complete understanding of the telecommunications field supported by descriptions and case examples throughout

Taking a practical approach, The Telecommunications Handbook examines the principles and details of all of the major and modern telecommunications systems currently available to industry and to end-users. It gives essential information about usage, architectures, functioning, planning, construction, measurements and optimisation. The structure of the book is modular, giving both overall descriptions of the architectures and functionality of typical use cases, as well as deeper and practical guidelines for telecom professionals.

The focus of the book is on current and future networks, and the most up-to-date functionalities of each network are described in sufficient detail for deployment purposes. The contents include an introduction to each technology, its evolution path, feasibility and utilization, solution and network architecture, and technical functioning of the systems (signalling, coding, different modes for channel delivery and security of core and radio system). The planning of the core and radio networks (system-specific field test measurement guidelines, hands-on network planning advices and suggestions for the parameter adjustments) and future systems are also described.

  • Each chapter covers aspects individually for easy reference, including approaches such as: functional blocks, protocol layers, hardware and software, planning, optimization, use cases, challenges, solutions to potential problems

  • Provides very practical detail on the planning and operation of networks to enable readers to apply the content in real-world deployments

  • Bridges the gap between the communications in the academic context and the practical knowledge and skills needed to work in the telecommunications industry

  • Section divisions include: General theory; Fixed telecommunications; Mobile communications; Space communications; Other and special communications; and Planning and management of telecommunication networks

  • Covers new commercial and enhanced systems deployed, such as IPv6 based networks, LTE-Advanced and GALILEO

  • An essential reference for Technical personnel at telecom operators; equipment and terminal manufacturers; Engineers working for network operators.

    Table of Contents

    1. Preface
    2. Acknowledgements
    3. Abbreviations
    4. List of Contributors
    5. 1 Introduction
      1. 1.1 General
      2. 1.2 Short History of Telecommunications
      3. 1.3 The Telecommunications Scene
      4. 1.4 The Focus of the Book
      5. 1.5 Instructions for Reading the Book Contents
      6. References
    6. 2 Standardization and Regulation
      1. 2.1 Introduction
      2. 2.2 Standardization Bodies
      3. 2.3 Industry Forums
      4. 2.4 Other Entities
      5. 2.5 Frequency Regulation
      6. 2.6 National Regulators
      7. 2.7 Guideline for Finding and Interpreting Standards
      8. References
    7. 3 Telecommunications Principles
      1. 3.1 Introduction
      2. 3.2 Terminology and Planning Principles
      3. 3.3 Evolution
      4. 3.4 Spectrum Allocations
      5. 3.5 Physical Aspects
      6. References
    8. 4 Protocols
      1. 4.1 Introduction
      2. 4.2 OSI
      3. 4.3 Fixed Networks
      4. 4.4 Mobile Networks
      5. 4.5 Data Networks
      6. 4.6 Error Recovery
      7. 4.7 LAP Protocol Family
      8. 4.8 Cross-Layer Protocol Principles
      9. References
    9. 5 Connectivity and Payment
      1. 5.1 Connectivity
      2. 5.2 Definitions
      3. 5.3 IP Connectivity
      4. 5.4 Wired Connectivity
      5. 5.5 Radio Connectivity in the Near Field
      6. 5.6 NFC and Secure Payment
      7. 5.7 Secure Payment
      8. 5.8 Bluetooth
      9. 5.9 Hearing Aid Compatibility
      10. 5.10 Other Connectivity Technologies
      11. References
    10. 6 Fixed Telecommunications Networks
      1. 6.1 Introduction
      2. 6.2 Network Topologies
      3. 6.3 Redundancy
      4. 6.4 Telephone Network
      5. 6.5 User Devices
      6. 6.6 Plain Old Public Telephone System (POTS)
      7. 6.7 Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN)
      8. 6.8 Intelligent Network (IN)
      9. 6.9 SIP
      10. 6.10 Telephony Solutions for Companies
      11. 6.11 Transport
      12. 6.12 Cloud Computing
      13. References
    11. 7 Data Networks
      1. 7.1 Introduction
      2. 7.2 IPv4
      3. 7.3 IPv6
      4. 7.4 Routing
      5. 7.5 ATM
      6. 7.6 Frame Relay
      7. 7.7 LAN and MAN
      8. 7.8 Wi-Fi
      9. 7.9 Inter-Operator Networks
      10. References
    12. 8 Telecommunications Network Services and Applications
      1. 8.1 Introduction
      2. 8.2 Voice
      3. 8.3 Messaging
      4. 8.4 Audio and Video
      5. 8.5 Health Care
      6. 8.6 Education
      7. 8.7 CSTA
      8. 8.8 Advanced Telecommunications Functionalities
      9. 8.9 Business Exchange
      10. 8.10 Public IP Network Develops to NGN
      11. 8.11 Voice Service Access Points
      12. 8.12 Mobile Services
      13. References
    13. 9 Transmission Networks
      1. 9.1 Introduction
      2. 9.2 Physical Transmission Systems
      3. 9.3 Coding Techniques
      4. 9.4 PCM
      5. 9.5 Coding Techniques
      6. 9.6 PDH
      7. 9.7 SDH
      8. 9.8 WDM
      9. 9.9 Carrier Ethernet Transport
      10. 9.10 IP Multimedia Subsystem
      11. 9.11 Case Example: LTE Transport
      12. 9.12 Cloud Computing and Transport
      13. References
    14. 10 Modulation and Demodulation
      1. 10.1 Introduction
      2. 10.2 General
      3. 10.3 Analog Modulation Methods
      4. 10.4 Digital Modulation and Demodulation
      5. References
    15. 11 3GPP Mobile Communications: GSM
      1. 11.1 Introduction
      2. 11.2 Development of GSM
      3. 11.3 Specification of GSM
      4. 11.4 Architecture of GSM
      5. 11.5 Functionality of GSM
      6. 11.6 Numbering of GSM
      7. 11.7 GSM Data
      8. 11.8 Dual Half Rate
      9. 11.9 DFCA
      10. 11.10 EDGE
      11. 11.11 DLDC
      12. 11.12 EDGE2
      13. Notes
      14. References
    16. 12 3GPP Mobile Communications: WCDMA and HSPA
      1. 12.1 Network Architecture
      2. 12.2 Physical Layer Aspects
      3. 12.3 Radio Interface Procedures
      4. 12.4 WCDMA/HSPA Evolution since Release 5
      5. 12.5 Planning and Dimensioning of WCDMA/HSPA Networks
      6. Note
      7. References
    17. 13 3GPP Mobile Communications: LTE/SAE and LTE-A
      1. 13.1 Introduction
      2. 13.2 Architecture
      3. 13.3 Elements
      4. 13.4 Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network
      5. 13.5 Interfaces
      6. 13.6 Protocol Stacks
      7. 13.7 Layer 2 Structure
      8. 13.8 LTE Radio Network
      9. 13.9 LTE Spectrum
      10. 13.10 Physical Layer
      11. 13.11 SC-FDM and SC-FDMA
      12. 13.12 Frame Structure and Physical Channels
      13. 13.13 Physical Layer Procedures
      14. 13.14 User Mobility
      15. 13.15 Radio Resource Management Procedures
      16. 13.16 Link Adaptation
      17. 13.17 ICIC
      18. 13.18 Reporting
      19. 13.19 LTE Radio Resource Management
      20. 13.20 RRM Principles and Algorithms Common to UL and DL
      21. 13.21 Uplink RRM
      22. 13.22 Downlink RRM
      23. 13.23 Intra-LTE Handover
      24. 13.24 LTE Release 8/9 Features
      25. 13.25 LTE-Advanced Features (Rel. 10)
      26. 13.26 LTE Transport and Core Network
      27. 13.27 Transport Network
      28. 13.28 Core Network
      29. 13.29 Charging
      30. References
    18. 14 Wireless LAN and Evolution
      1. 14.1 Introduction
      2. 14.2 WLAN Standards
      3. 14.3 IEEE 802.11 (Wi-Fi)
      4. 14.4 IEEE 802.16 (WiMAX)
      5. 14.5 Evolved IEEE 802.16 (4G)
      6. 14.6 Comparison of Wireless Technologies
      7. References
    19. 15 Terrestrial Broadcast Networks
      1. 15.1 Introduction
      2. 15.2 Analog Systems
      3. 15.3 Digital Radio
      4. 15.4 Digital Television
      5. References
    20. 16 Satellite Systems: Communications
      1. 16.1 Introduction
      2. 16.2 Principles of Satellite Systems
      3. 16.3 Voice and Data Services
      4. 16.4 Broadcast Satellite Systems
      5. 16.5 Standardization
      6. 16.6 Commercial Satellite Systems
      7. 16.7 Radio Link Budget
      8. References
    21. 17 Satellite Systems: Location Services and Telemetry
      1. 17.1 General
      2. 17.2 GPS
      3. 17.3 GALILEO
      4. 17.4 Positioning Systems: Other Initiatives
      5. 17.5 Space Research
      6. 17.6 Weather and Meteorological Satellites
      7. 17.7 Military Systems
      8. References
    22. 18 Other and Special Networks
      1. 18.1 IS-95
      2. 18.2 CDMA2000
      3. 18.3 TETRA
      4. References
    23. 19 Security Aspects of Telecommunications: 3GPP Mobile Networks
      1. 19.1 Introduction
      2. 19.2 Basic Principles of Protection
      3. 19.3 GSM Security
      4. 19.4 UMTS Security
      5. 19.5 LTE Security
      6. 19.6 LTE/SAE Service Security: Case Example
      7. 19.7 Authentication and Authorization
      8. 19.8 Customer Data Safety
      9. 19.9 Lawful Interception
      10. References
    24. 20 Planning of 2G Networks
      1. 20.1 General Planning Guidelines for Fixed Networks
      2. 20.2 Capacity Planning
      3. 20.3 Coverage Planning
      4. 20.4 Frequency Planning
      5. 20.5 Parameter Planning
      6. 20.6 Network Measurements
      7. 20.7 Effects of Data Services on GSM Planning
      8. 20.8 Other Planning Considerations
      9. 20.9 GSM/GPRS Measurement and Simulation Techniques
      10. 20.10 Simulations
      11. Notes
      12. References
    25. 21 Planning of Advanced 3G Networks
      1. 21.1 Introduction
      2. 21.2 Radio Network Planning Process
      3. 21.3 Nominal Network Planning
      4. 21.4 Capacity Planning
      5. 21.5 Coverage Planning
      6. 21.6 Self-Optimizing Network
      7. 21.7 Parameter Planning
      8. References
    26. 22 Planning of Mobile TV Networks
      1. 22.1 Introduction
      2. 22.2 High-Level Network Dimensioning Process
      3. 22.3 Detailed Radio Network Design
      4. 22.4 Radiation Limitations
      5. 22.5 Cost Prediction and Optimization
      6. References
    27. 23 Planning of Core Networks
      1. 23.1 Introduction
      2. 23.2 General Planning Guidelines for Fixed Networks
      3. 23.3 Planning of the Networks
      4. 23.4 Capacity Planning
      5. 23.5 Network Evolution from 2G/3G PS Core to EPC
      6. 23.6 Entering Commercial Phase: Support for Multimode LTE/3G/2G Terminals with Pre-Release 8 SGSN
      7. 23.7 SGSN/MME Evolution
      8. 23.8 Case Example: Commercial SGSN/MME Offering
      9. 23.9 Mobile Gateway Evolution
      10. 23.10 Case Example: Commercial GGSN/S-GW/P-GW Offering
      11. 23.11 EPC Network Deployment and Topology Considerations
      12. 23.12 LTE Access Dimensioning
      13. Reference
    28. 24 EMF – Radiation Safety and Health Aspects
      1. 24.1 Introduction
      2. 24.2 The EMF Question
      3. 24.3 The Scientific Principle and Process: The Precautionary Principle
      4. 24.4 The Expert Organizations and Regulation
      5. 24.5 Some Topics of the EMF Debate
      6. 24.6 SAR
      7. 24.7 The Safety Distance and Installation
      8. 24.8 Summing Up
      9. 24.9 High-Power Network Planning
      10. References
    29. 25 Deployment and Transition of Telecommunication Systems
      1. 25.1 Introduction
      2. 25.2 Why to Deploy Wireless Systems
      3. 25.3 Transition of Telecommunication Systems
      4. 25.4 Network Deployments
      5. 25.5 Spectrum Considerations for Network Transition
      6. 25.6 Terminals Support for the Network Transition
      7. 25.7 Evolution of Macro Sites and Deployment of Small Cells
      8. 25.8 Beyond 4G Systems: 5G
      9. 25.9 Challenges and Possibilities
      10. References
    30. 26 Wireless Network Measurements
      1. 26.1 Introduction
      2. 26.2 Principles of Radio Interface Measurements
      3. 26.3 GSM/GPRS
      4. 26.4 LTE
      5. 26.5 LTE Field Measurements
      6. References
    31. Index
    32. End User License Agreement