O'Reilly logo

The Structure of Learning by Beatrix Gardner, R. Allen Gardner

Stay ahead with the world's most comprehensive technology and business learning platform.

With Safari, you learn the way you learn best. Get unlimited access to videos, live online training, learning paths, books, tutorials, and more.

Start Free Trial

No credit card required

CHAPTER  2

Classical Conditioning

In their attempts to discover the most basic form of learning, early experimenters discovered two procedures, one called classical or Pavlovian conditioning, the other called instrumental or operant conditioning. Beginning in the 1930s traditional theorists, such as Skinner (1938), maintained that the two basic procedures represent two distinct forms of learning. This view dominated research and theory throughout the century even though hard evidence frequently contradicts the traditional theoretical distinction. The procedural distinction, however, remains useful as a way to describe experiments in this field. Accordingly, chapter 2 describes the experimental operations that define classical conditioning and ...

With Safari, you learn the way you learn best. Get unlimited access to videos, live online training, learning paths, books, interactive tutorials, and more.

Start Free Trial

No credit card required