From where will a renewal come to us, to us who have devastated the whole earthy globe?
—Simone Weil, French philosopher (1909-1943)
Let’s not leave Lisbon just yet: the city also has a great disaster restoration story to tell. In fact, I’d like to nominate one of Lisbon’s most beloved historical figures as “The Patron Saint of Restoring the Built Environment”: the Marquês de Pombal.
Poet Luis de Camões called Lisbon “the princess of the world… before whom even the ocean bows.” It was built on the trading empire created by arguably the three greatest ocean explorers in recorded history, Ferdinand Magellan, Vasco de Gama, and Prince Henry the Navigator. All were ...