O'Reilly logo

The Quest for Artificial Intelligence by Nils J. Nilsson

Stay ahead with the world's most comprehensive technology and business learning platform.

With Safari, you learn the way you learn best. Get unlimited access to videos, live online training, learning paths, books, tutorials, and more.

Start Free Trial

No credit card required

25

Controversies and Alternative Paradigms

DIFFICULTIES SUCH AS THOSE I HAVE JUST WRITTEN ABOUT REKINDLED A number of controversies among AI researchers themselves. Frustrated with AI’s slowdown, people with different approaches to AI eagerly stepped forward to claim that what AI needed was more of this or that alternative to AI’s reign-ing paradigm – the paradigm John Haugeland called “good-old-fashioned AI” or GOFAI. GOFAI, of course, had as its primary rationale Newell and Simon’s belief that a “physical symbol system has the necessary and sufficient means for intelligent action.” But GOFAI seemed to be running out of steam during the 1980s, making it vulnerable to challenges by AI researchers themselves – challenges that had to be taken more ...

With Safari, you learn the way you learn best. Get unlimited access to videos, live online training, learning paths, books, interactive tutorials, and more.

Start Free Trial

No credit card required