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The Quest for Artificial Intelligence by Nils J. Nilsson

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10

“Hand–Eye” Research

THE MOTIVATION FOR MUCH OF THE COMPUTER VISION RESEARCH THAT I HAVE described during this period was to provide information to guide a robot arm. Because the images that could be analyzed best were of simple objects such as toy blocks, work was concentrated on getting a robot arm to stack and unstack blocks. I’ll describe some typical examples of this “hand–eye” research, beginning with a project that did not actually involve an “eye.”

10.1 At MIT

A computer-guided mechanical “hand” was developed by Heinrich A. Ernst in 1961 as part of his Electrical Engineering Sc.D. work at MIT.1 (His advisor was Claude Shannon.) The hand, named MH-1, was a “mechanical servomanipulator [an American Machine and Foundry model 8] adapted ...

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