THE TECHNICAL DEVELOPMENTS DURING THE 1960S WERE AIDED (INDEED, ONE might say made possible) by several systems support and societal factors. New computer languages made it much easier to build AI systems. Researchers from mathematics, from cognitive science, from linguistics, and from what soon would be called “computer science” came together in meetings and in newly formed laboratories to attack the problem of mechanizing intelligent behavior. In addition, government agencies and companies, concluding that they had an important stake in this new enterprise, provided needed research support.
8.1 Programming Languages
Newell and Simon were among the first to realize that a specialized computer language would be useful ...