Natural Language Processing
BEYOND PATTERN RECOGNITION OF INDIVIDUAL ALPHANUMERIC CHARACTERS whether they be of fixed font or handwritten, lies the problem of understanding strings of characters that form words, sentences, or larger assemblages of text in a “natural” language, such as English. To distinguish languages such as English from the languages used by computers, the former are usually called “natural languages.” In artificial intelligence, “understanding” natural language input usually means either converting it to some kind of memory model (such as the one used by Raphael in his SIR system or the semantic network used by Quillian) or the evocation of some action appropriate to the input.
Natural languages are spoken as well as written. ...