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The Psychology Book by

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RG

IN CONTEXT

APPROACH

Psychoanalysis

BEFORE

2500–600 BCE The Hindu Vedas describe consciousness as “an abstract, silent, completely unified field of consciousness.”

1567 Swiss physician Paracelsus provides the first medical description of the unconscious.

1880s French neurologist Jean-Martin Charcot uses hypnotism to treat hysteria and other abnormal mental conditions.

AFTER

1913 John B. Watson criticizes Freud’s ideas of the unconscious as unscientific and not provable.

1944 Carl Jung claims that the presence of universal archetypes proves the existence of the unconscious.

The unconscious is one of the most intriguing concepts in psychology. It seems to contain ...

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