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The Professional Recruiter's Handbook, 2nd Edition by Ann Swain

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01

The development of the recruitment industry

The Americans may claim that they invented the recruitment industry. After extensive research, however, we believe that the UK founded the earliest recruitment consultancy.

The Industrial Revolution during the late 18th and early 19th centuries saw major changes in the need to recruit relatively large numbers of employees to work in mechanized agriculture, manufacturing and transportation. The manual labour-based economy of Great Britain began to be replaced by one dominated by industry and machine-based manufacture. Over a period of around 70 years the effects spread across Western Europe and then to North America. With this demand for skilled employees a ‘gang master’ approach of recruitment provision ...

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