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The Practical Zone System for Film and Digital Photography, 5th Edition

Book Description

Now fully updated for the digital photographer, an authoritative and contemporary guide to Ansel Adams's Zone System, presented by one of the true masters of this influential photographic technique

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Halftitle
  3. Title
  4. Copyright
  5. Contents
  6. Preface to the Fifth Edition
  7. Acknowledgements
  8. Why and How to Read this Book
  9. Chapter 1 “Will It Come Out?”
    1. Introduction
    2. What exactly is the Zone System?
    3. How does the Zone System Apply to Digital Photography?
    4. Why is Photographic Technique So Important?
    5. If the Zone System is So Important, How were Good Photographs Taken without it?
    6. Isn’t the Zone System Useful Only with View Cameras?
    7. Do I need a Spot Meter to Use the Zone System?
    8. Camera Manufacturers Give the Impression that Taking Good Pictures can be Simple and Automatic. Is the Zone System Outdated?
    9. How does the Zone System Apply to the Use of an Electronic Flash?
    10. Can the Zone System be Used with Color Film?
  10. Chapter 2 Print Quality, Negative Contrast, and Dynamic Range
    1. Subject Contrast and Photographic Papers: A Bit of History
    2. The Photographic Procrustean Beds
    3. Working with Paper Grades
    4. Working with Problem Negatives
    5. Summary
  11. Chapter 3 The Control of Negative Contrast
    1. Expose for the Shadows
    2. Develop for the Highlights
    3. Normal Development
    4. Summary
  12. Chapter 4 The Zone
    1. Print Values
    2. Texture and Detail
    3. The Zones
    4. Previsualization
    5. Measuring Zones
    6. Summary
  13. Chapter 5 Exposure
    1. Light Measurement
    2. Exposure Recommendations
    3. The Meter’s Dilemma
    4. Exercise: How Light Meters Really Work
    5. Exposure Detailed
    6. Place and Fall
    7. With Handheld Meters
    8. With In-Camera Meters
    9. Summary
  14. Chapter 6 Development
    1. Measuring Subject Contrast with In-Camera Meters
    2. Normal Plus Development
    3. Normal Minus Development
  15. Chapter 7 An Overview of the Zone System
    1. Expose for the Shadows and Develop for the Highlights
    2. Zone System Frequently Asked Questions
  16. Chapter 8 Zone System Testing: Method 1
    1. Introduction
    2. Choosing a Photographic Paper
    3. The Use of Equivalent ISO (ASA) Numbers
    4. Zone System Testing: Method 1
    5. Roll Film
    6. Sheet Film
    7. Standard Printing Time Test
    8. Expansion and Contraction Development Times
  17. Chapter 9 Zone System Testing: Method 2
    1. About the Development Time Charts
    2. Development Time Charts
    3. Film and Developer: Questions and Answers
  18. Chapter 10 The Zone System and Digital Photography
    1. Introduction
    2. A Word about Structure and Understanding
    3. Basic Assumptions
    4. Digital and Film Photography
    5. Other Digital Printing Considerations and Alternatives
    6. Pixels: Size, Resolution, Bit Depth, and Quality
    7. Optimizing Digital Image Resolution
    8. The Scanning Process
    9. File Size Calculator
    10. Guidelines
    11. Bit Depth and Digital Exposure
    12. The Zone System of Digital Exposure
    13. A Summary of Digital Exposure Effects
    14. The Zone System and Digital Contrast Control
    15. Raw Converter Choices
    16. An Introduction to Adobe Camera Raw Utility
    17. Summary of Digital Photography Cardinal Rules
  19. Chapter 11 The Zone System and Studio Photography
    1. About the Cover Image
    2. Introduction
    3. Digital Workflow and the Power of the Zone System
    4. The Lighting Studio as a Creative Environment
    5. Understanding Flash Meters
    6. The Creative Sketching Process in the Studio
    7. Studio Exposure Methods: Flash Spot and Incident Meters
    8. Understanding the Lighting Studio Zone Chart
    9. Incident Meters Never Lie
    10. The Masterwork Re-creation Process
    11. Some Comments Regarding Equipment and Workflow Equipment
    12. Steps in the Process
    13. Summary of preceeding steps
    14. The Shooting Process
  20. Appendix A Color Management, Profiles, and Color Spaces
    1. Profiles
    2. Color Spaces
    3. Color Managing Your System
    4. The RIP Alternative
  21. Appendix B A Primer on Studio Lighting Photography
    1. Controlling Strobe Brightness in the Studio
    2. The Visual Qualities of Studio-lit Subjects
  22. Appendix C What Is a Pixel?
    1. Pixel Size
    2. Screen Pixels
    3. Digital Image Sensor Pixels
    4. Scanners
    5. Printers
  23. Appendix D Bit Depth
  24. Appendix E Exposure and the Digital Linear Effect
    1. Linear versus Nonlinear
    2. Nonlinearity, Zones, and Human Vision
    3. The Digital Linear Effect
  25. Appendix F Digital Light Meters and the Zone System
    1. Digital Light Meter Settings
    2. The Zone System and Digital Meters
    3. Previsualization, Placement, and Contrast Measurement
    4. Exposure Determination
  26. Appendix G A Primer on Basic Film Photography
    1. Photographic Emulsions
    2. The Negative
    3. The Print
    4. Processing
    5. ASA
    6. Paper Grades
    7. The Camera
    8. The Shutter
    9. Exposure
  27. Appendix H Films, Developers, and Processing
    1. The Basics
    2. Developer Notes
    3. Film Notes
    4. Processing Notes
  28. Appendix I The Practical Zone System Film and Developer Testing Method
    1. The Testing Process
  29. Appendix J Film and Developer Commentary by Iris Davis
  30. Appendix K Alternative Methods for Extreme Expansion and Contraction Development
    1. Expansion
    2. Contraction
  31. Appendix L Contrast Control with Paper Grades
  32. Appendix M Developer Dilution
  33. Appendix N Compensating Developers
    1. Compensating Formulas
    2. Kodak D-23
    3. Two-Bath Compensating Formula
    4. Water Bath Development
  34. Appendix O Inspection Development
  35. Appendix P Condenser and Diffusion Enlargers
  36. Appendix Q ASA/ISO Numbers
  37. Appendix R Filter Factors, the Reciprocity Effect, and Bellows Extension Factors
    1. Filter Factors
    2. The Reciprocity Effect
    3. Bellows Extension Factors
  38. Appendix S A Compensation Method for Inaccurate Meters
  39. Appendix T Zone System Metering Form
    1. Using the Zone System with In-Camera Meters
  40. Appendix U Exposure Record and Checklist for Zone System Testing
    1. Materials
    2. Materials for Sheet Film
    3. Steps
    4. Roll Film (Alternative A)
    5. Sheet Film (Alternative B)
  41. Appendix V Examples: Zone System Applications
    1. Christine Alicino
    2. David Bayles
    3. Dan Burkholder
    4. Judy Dater
    5. Chris Johnson
    6. Robert Bruce Langham III
  42. Appendix W Suggested Reading
    1. Film Photography
    2. Basic Photography Technique
    3. Technical Resource Books
    4. Digital Photography
    5. Creativity and Ideas
  43. Appendix X A Brief Directory of Online Digital and Photography-Related Resources
    1. Some Digital Technical Reference Sites
    2. Other Useful Digital-related Sites
    3. Photoshop-Related Applications
    4. Zone System-Related Sites
    5. General Photography Sites
    6. Some Virtual Galleries and Museums
    7. Documentary Photography Sites
    8. Some Other Art-Related Photography Sites
    9. Photo-Artist Sites
    10. Virtual Magazines and Journals
  44. Appendix Y A Brief Glossary of Zone System and Digital Terminology
  45. Index