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The LTE/SAE Deployment Handbook

Book Description

Describing the essential aspects that need to be considered during the deployment and operational phases of 3GPP LTE/SAE networks, this book gives a complete picture of LTE systems, as well as providing many examples from operational networks. It demystifies the structure, functioning, planning and measurements of both the radio and core aspects of the evolved 3G system.

The content includes an overview of the LTE/SAE environment, architectural and functional descriptions of the radio and core network, functionality of the LTE applications, international roaming principles, security solutions and network measurement methods. In addition, this book gives essential guidelines and recommendations about the transition from earlier mobile communications systems towards the LTE/SAE era and the next generation of LTE, LTE-Advanced.

The book is especially suitable for the operators that face new challenges in the planning and deployment phases of LTE/SAE, and is also useful for network vendors, service providers, telecommunications consultancy companies and technical institutes as it provides practical information about the realities of the system.

  • Presents the complete end-to-end planning and measurement guidelines for the realistic deployment of networks

  • Explains the essential and realistic aspects of commercial LTE systems as well as the future possibilities

  • An essential tool during the development of transition strategies from other network solutions towards LTE/SAE

  • Contains real-world case studies and examples to help readers understand the practical side of the system

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright
  4. List of Contributors
  5. Foreword
  6. Preface
  7. Acknowledgments
  8. Glossary
  9. Chapter 1: General
    1. 1.1 Introduction
    2. 1.2 The LTE Scene
    3. 1.3 The Role of LTE in Mobile Communications
    4. 1.4 LTE/SAE Deployment Process
    5. 1.5 The Contents of the Book
    6. References
  10. Chapter 2: Drivers for LTE/SAE
    1. 2.1 Introduction
    2. 2.2 Mobile System Generations
    3. 2.3 Data Service Evolution
    4. 2.4 Reasons for the Deployment of LTE
    5. 2.6 Summary of the Benefits of LTE
    6. References
  11. Chapter 3: LTE/SAE Overview
    1. 3.1 Introduction
    2. 3.2 LTE/SAE Standards
    3. 3.3 How to Find Information from Specs?
    4. 3.4 Evolution Path Towards LTE
    5. 3.5 Key Parameters of LTE
    6. 3.6 LTE vs WiMAX
    7. 3.7 Models for Roaming Architecture
    8. 3.8 LTE/SAE Services
    9. 3.9 LTE-Advanced—Next Generation LTE
    10. References
  12. Chapter 4: Performance Requirements
    1. 4.1 Introduction
    2. 4.2 LTE Key Features
    3. 4.3 Standards LTE Requirements
    4. 4.4 Effects of the Requirements on the LTE/SAE Network Deployment
    5. References
  13. Chapter 5: LTE and SAE Architecture
    1. 5.1 Introduction
    2. 5.2 Elements
    3. 5.3 Interfaces
    4. 5.4 Protocol Stacks
    5. 5.5 Layer 2 Structure
    6. References
  14. Chapter 6: Transport and Core Network
    1. 6.1 Introduction
    2. 6.2 Functionality of Transport Elements
    3. 6.3 Transport Network
    4. 6.4 Core Network
    5. 6.5 IP Multimedia Subsystem
    6. References
  15. Chapter 7: LTE Radio Network
    1. 7.1 Introduction
    2. 7.2 LTE Radio Interface
    3. 7.3 LTE Spectrum
    4. 7.4 OFDM and OFDMA
    5. 7.5 SC-FDM and SC-FDMA
    6. 7.6 Reporting
    7. 7.7 LTE Radio Resource Management
    8. 7.8 RRM Principles and Algorithms Common to UL and DL
    9. 7.9 Uplink RRM
    10. 7.10 Downlink RRM
    11. 7.11 Intra-LTE Handover
    12. References
  16. Chapter 8: Terminals and Applications
    1. 8.1 Introduction
    2. 8.2 Effect of Smartphones on LTE
    3. 8.3 Interworking
    4. 8.4 LTE Terminal Requirements
    5. 8.5 LTE Applications
    6. References
  17. Chapter 9: Voice Over LTE
    1. 9.1 Introduction
    2. 9.2 CS Fallback for Evolved Packet System
    3. 9.3 SMS Over SGs
    4. 9.4 Voice and Other CS Services than SMS
    5. 9.5 Voice and SMS Over IP
    6. 9.6 Summary
    7. References
  18. Chapter 10: Functionality of LTE/SAE
    1. 10.1 Introduction
    2. 10.2 States
    3. 10.3 End-to-End Functionality
    4. 10.4 LTE/SAE Roaming
    5. 10.5 Charging
    6. References
  19. Chapter 11: LTE/SAE Security
    1. 11.1 Introduction
    2. 11.2 LTE Security Risk Identification
    3. 11.3 LTE/SAE Service Security—Case Example
    4. 11.4 Authentication and Authorization
    5. 11.5 Customer Data Safety
    6. 11.6 Lawful Interception
    7. References
  20. Chapter 12: Planning and Deployment of SAE
    1. 12.1 Introduction
    2. 12.2 Network Evolution from 2G/3G PS Core to EPC
    3. 12.3 Entering Commercial Phase: Support for Multi-Mode LTE/3G/2G Terminals with Pre-Release 8 SGSN
    4. 12.4 SGSN/MME Evolution
    5. 12.5 Case Example: Commercial SGSN/MME Offering
    6. 12.6 Mobile Gateway Evolution
    7. 12.7 Case Example: Commercial GGSN/S-GW/P-GW Offering
    8. 12.8 EPC Network Deployment and Topology Considerations
    9. 12.9 LTE Access Dimensioning
  21. Chapter 13: Radio Network Planning
    1. 13.1 Introduction
    2. 13.2 Radio Network Planning Process
    3. 13.3 Nominal Network Planning
    4. 13.4 Capacity Planning
    5. 13.5 Coverage Planning
    6. 13.6 Self-Optimizing Network
    7. Reference
  22. Chapter 14: LTE/SAE Measurements
    1. 14.1 Introduction
    2. 14.2 General
    3. 14.3 Principles of Radio Interface Measurements
    4. 14.4 LTE Field Measurements
    5. 14.5 Evolution Changes the Rules of Testing
    6. 14.6 General Test Requirements and Methods for the LTE Air Interface
    7. 14.7 Test Requirements in SAE
    8. 14.8 Throughput Testing
    9. 14.9 Self-Organizing Network Techniques for Test and Measurement
    10. 14.10 Field Testing
    11. References
  23. Chapter 15: Recommendations
    1. 15.1 Introduction
    2. 15.2 Transition to LTE—Use Cases
    3. 15.3 Spectrum Aspects
    4. 15.4 Effect of the Advanced GSM Features on the Fluent LTE Deployment
    5. 15.5 Alternative Network Migration Path (Multi-Operator Case)
    6. 15.6 Hardware Migration Path
    7. 15.7 Mobile Backhaul—Towards “All-IP” Transport
    8. 15.8 LTE Interworking with Legacy Networks for the Optimal Voice and Data Services
    9. References
  24. Index